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NRC is making a register of NRIs from concern of Nagaland? – jj
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NRC is making a register of NRIs from concern of Nagaland?

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Dilip Sharma

37-year-old Ajay Yadav, a resident of Pupari in Sitamarhi district of Bihar, has been running his autorickshaw for the last 10 years in Dimapur city of Nagaland.

By the way, he has been in Dimapur for more than 20 years. Why did not you leave other big cities of India like Delhi to work in Dimapur too far?

Asked on this, he says, "They were here only at an early age, so now they can not adjust to the other place. Where can we find the place here?"

It was to say that Sidaram, who has been running a laundry shop for years in Dimapur city too.

Sitharam, who came in search of Rozi Roti from a small village in Muzaffarpur district of Bihar, says, "Two years before Indira Gandhi's death (1984), we came to Dimapur and have been working as a dhobi in this shop since then. Where will the ages go now? "

Why is this worry

In fact, it has been decided to implement the Inner Line Permit (ILP) system in Dimapur, which is considered Nagaland's largest city and commercial center.

Simultaneously, the State Government has issued a notification to prepare the register of native people, namely Indigenous people in Nagaland. In this way, for many decades, there have been many problems in front of non-Naga people.

Gokheto Chopi, convenor of the Joint Committee on Prevention of Eligal Immigrant (JCPI), created for more than 30 organizations of the Naga community, says, "There is apprehension that people whose name will be cut off from the NRC, which is formed in Assam , They can enter our state. "

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Dilip Sharma

Image caption

Gokhta Chopi

"We have heard that the name of 40 lakh people is not in the NRC. Our border is with Assam and no one can come here from there."

JCPI coordinator argues, "If Narendra Modi's government has a majority and if he passes the Citizens' Amendment Bill (CAB) from the Rajya Sabha, then the Bengali Bengali people who come from Bangladesh can enter our state, hence the newest indigenous It has become necessary to create a register of people, it will be the responsibility of the people to register the register of Indigenous people. Our demand is only that the government has passed the cut-off wire on 1 December 1963. Make a picture. "

After such demand, non-Naga people have started worrying about the fact that in the name of registering Indigenous people they should not be stripped of the right to land.

Look at history

The population of Nagaland in the 2011 census is 19 lakh 80 thousand 602, while in the same census, only the population of Dimapur is 3 lakh 80 thousand which is three times more than the population of the state capital Kohima.

Only Dimapur in Nagaland is a plain area, but the whole area is mountainous. And there are about 40 percent of the total population of non-residents.

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Dilip Sharma

Actually, before the formation of Nagaland state on December 1, 1963, Dimapur was part of Assam. At that time, people from Rajasthan, UP, Bihar, Punjab, Bengal and the outskirts of the state got the right to buy land here.

At the same time, the Gorkha people living in Nagaland for hundreds of years are considered indigenous. But after the formation of Nagaland, it was protected by Article 371A of the Indian Constitution in which the right of land was reserved for Indigenous people only. Although Dimapur was excluded from 371 A for several years

But in 1979 Nagaland Assembly passed a resolution and included Dimapur under 371 A. So, from December 1, 1963 to 1979, the non-Naga people who bought land for business or home in Dimapur, have faced a problem of eviction from the land.

What will be the difference

Senior advocate Arun Kumar Mishra, who lives in Dimapur for years, told the BBC, "Nagaland is the land of my grandfather-great-grandfather, my grandfather was in Nagaland in the British Army, my father Gupteeshwar Mishra was born in Kohima in 1935. Our Jatmin It's also at the same time. "

Mishra says, "Father was in Assam Police before he became Nagaland, and later his duty was in Nagaland, so far my father is the only non-Naga resident of Nagaland police."

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Dilip Sharma

Giving information about the Indigenous certificate given to the non-residents of the time, Mishra says, "Actually this certificate is a permanent residence certificate."

He says, "Because of this certification, only the land has the right to buy and sell land in Dimapur, but it is also necessary for the children who are getting higher education in other states, even though there is such a certificate even in Nagaland. Naga people have not been given the right to apply in government jobs. "

While the right to vote in Nagaland has been given to all the people. Even if he was settled in Nagaland a few years ago. In Dimapur, the number of people settled in Bihar is said to be around 20 percent of the total population.

Pramod Singh, executive president of Nagaland Bhojpuri society, says, "It is true that non-Naga people are concerned about issuing ILP and Indigenous certificates, but our society is with Naga for the infiltration of the people, because it identifies the Naga people But the rights of non-Naga people settled here should be safe also. The state government needs to find such a mechanism. There is no problem with the real citizens settled here, because there are many people who came here after 1963 and settled permanently. "

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Dilip Sharma

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Pramod Singh

Others are also upset

Although people living in Bihar like Ajay Yadav, Sitaram, have lived in Dimapur for 20 to 30 years but there is another such population of non-Naga people whose history is more than a hundred years old.

Omprakash Sethi, president of Dimapur Jain Society, Dimapur, says, "Like other states in the North-East, there is a lot of problem of illegal migration in Nagaland, so it has become very important to safeguard Naga Identity.Ilp or Indigenous people It is a matter of preparing the register, we support it. But the government needs to take care of non-Naga people settled here for many generations. . Society of people ask if his name was not included in the register what will happen next future. Our third generation in Nagaland. "

At the same time, Dimapur Bengali Society's Advocate KK Pal says, "Dimapur is a commercial hub here and people of almost every state of India have lived here for years, there is a very old friendly relationship with our Naga community, as far as the ILP is implemented. Keep in mind that Dimapur is a very fast growing city, with 40 trains coming daily, in which thousands of people come for business, there is an airport where Kew Not only in Ladakh, but people from the surrounding area are also coming and going, so considering the implementation of ILP, there can be many problems here. "

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Dilip Sharma

Advocate Paul further says, "There are many people coming out from outside for work in this city, it may also be illegal immigrants. We want Naga Identity to be protected and growth of Dimapur can not be interrupted because Despite having such a high literacy rate in Nagaland, the rate of unemployment in the age group of 15-29 years is 56 percent. "

While the president of Dimapur Muslim Council Ahidur Rahman also maintains a coincidence with the advice of Advocate Pal, the trade believes that if the ILP is implemented in Dimapur, the trade will be quite neutral.

He says, "In Dimapur, there has been a rush of temporary people in the last few years, due to this kind of crowd there has been a lot of troubles from crime, but to prevent them, putting everyone in one system is okay. The history of Muslims in Dimapur is quite old, the mosque in the city was built in 1906. The graveyard is older than that, hence the old settlers should get recognition. Ancestors have done a lot for here. "

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Dilip Sharma

However, JCPI convenor Chopi, while giving a reply to the concern of non-Naga people, said, "Those who are Indian citizens, they will be here, no one needs to be scared, Indigenous certificate is being misused, and the new indigenous Register of people is being made. "

Senthongo Lotha, president of Dimonpur Urban Council Federation, says, "Those Indigenous people will live like Indigenous, those who are outside will live according to the outside. This system is not for anyone to get out of here."

Regarding the issuance of Indigenous Certificates renewed on the state government, Tia Longert, advisor to Survival Nagaland organization, says, "Firstly, the survey will be conducted at home. If there is any break in this process then like NRC Only people here will be given full time for claims and objection, no one is afraid of it. "

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Dilip Sharma

Sumiya community

Under Naga custom, another concern for adopting new communities has come up. In fact, a lot of Muslim men have got married with the women of Sumi Naga tribe. In this way their children are known as Sumya community.

There is a large farming land near Sumi Naga. However, organizations like Naga Students Federation say that indigenous people will be included only in the category of people who are naked in blood.

Why has Dimapur become so important for Nagaland? Even in other parts of the country, people may not have known Dimapur as a big city, but historians of World War II know it as an important strategic place.

At the time of war with the Japanese, Dimapur used to be the main supply depot for the 14th Army of the British. For this reason, the Japanese army aimed to capture Dimapur. Actually, Dimapur was so strategically important due to railheads. Dimapur is the financial center of the state even today. There is control over 90 fishery business of non-naked people.

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DILIP / ASSAM

But the Nagaland Government's work is in the best interests of this concern for the people. Indeed, the Nagaland government decided to create a register of Indigenous people directly without any modus- tion, which has generated doubts in many people's minds.

The Nagaland government says that it is going to prepare a register of native residents of Nagaland for the purpose of checking the fake indigenous Resident certificate issued in the state.

The People's Democratic Alliance government, led by the ruling National Democratic Progressive Party (NDPP), has also approved the recommendations of the Abhishek Singh Committee for implementing ILP in Dimapur.

That means after the implementation of the ILP, no outsider will be able to enter the city without the permission of the Nagaland government. Whether it is an Indian citizen or not.

In fact, the ILP system is like an internal visa in its own country, whereby any person from any other state has to enter the territory (ILP) with permission.

By the way, the ILP system has already been implemented in all 11 districts of Nagaland excluding Dimapur district but now it has been decided to implement it in all the 12 districts of Nagaland.

According to the notification issued by the Government of Nefu Rio on June 29 last year, regarding the Registry of Indigenous Inhabitants of Nagaland (RIIN), the teams designated from July 10 according to the village and urban It was to collect information about people by going from house to house.

But not only non-Naga people but many organizations of the Naga community also questioned how can the government of any modalities take this step?

Chuba Ozukum, president of Naga Hoho, Nagaland's top organization, told reporters, "Before taking this decision, the Rio government should have talked to all the stakeholders on this issue. We are all residents and the Nagas of other states are also living here. The government has notified any cut-off date directly by issuing notification.The process of dividing the towns could have far-reaching consequences. "

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DILIP / ASSAM

What does the government say

David Naikha, leader of Dimapur District of the ruling National Democratic Progressive Party, told in a written reply to the Registry of Indigenous Inhabitants of Nagaland, "I had contacted the top leaders of the party regarding this subject. In its early stages and no concrete preparations have yet been made by the government machinery, so take them Issues refused to initial comments. "

Following such reactions, the state government has convened a meeting to hold discussions with all civil society organizations on July 17, for some time now, for the time being, to prevent this process.

The extremist organization NSCN (IM), which has been talking peace with the central government, has also raised questions about the timing of preparing the register of Indigenous people. NSCN (IM) has described this move of the government as "contradictory" for the rights of the Nagas.

भारत सरकार के साथ 2015 में फ्रेमवर्क समझौता पर हस्ताक्षर करने वाले एनएससीएन (आईएम) ने एक बयान जारी कर नगालैंड सरकार की आलोचना करते हुए कहा,"सभी नगा क्षेत्रों का एकीकरण आधिकारिक तौर पर केंद्र सरकार द्वारा स्वीकार किया गया है जो कि नगाओं का वैध अधिकार है."

नगालैंड के सबसे बड़े सशस्त्र समूह ने इंडिजेनस लोगों का रजिस्टर तैयार करने के विषय को उन समूहों की साज़िश क़रार दिया, जो 1960 के 16-बिंदु समझौते पर सहमत हुए थे.

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DILIP/ASSAM

दरअसल 26 जुलाई, 1960 को नई दिल्ली और नगा पीपुल्स कन्वेंशन के बीच हस्ताक्षरित उस समझौते ने 1 दिसंबर, 1963 को नगालैंड के राज्य का मार्ग प्रशस्त किया था. नया राज्य पहले असम का नगा हिल्स-तुएनसांग क्षेत्र था.

नगा आबादी वाले क्षेत्रों की आजादी के लिए चली लंबी लड़ाई को ध्यान में रखते हुए नए राज्य का गठन 'भारतीय संघ के भीतर" और "विदेश मंत्रालय के तहत" करने के लिए यह समझौते किया गया था.

एनएससीएन (आईएम) ने अपने बयान में कहा," इंडिजेनस लोगों का रजिस्टर बनाने की सरकार की यह कवायद दरअसल नगाओं के निहित अधिकारों में विभाजन लाने और उन्हें कमजोर करने के लिए किया जा रहा है जबकि केंद्र सरकार के साथ शांति प्रक्रिया अंतिम निपटान पर है."

नगालैंड सरकार के अनुसार, इंडिजेनस लोगों का रजिस्टर बनाने का उद्देश्य राज्य के गैर-इंडिजेनस निवासियों को नौकरियों और लाभार्थी योजनाओं के लिए इंडिजेनस निवासी प्रमाण पत्र प्राप्त करने से रोकना है.

नगालैंड के अलावा अरुणाचल प्रदेश, असम, मणिपुर और म्यांमार में 50 से अधिक नगा जनजाति हैं. एनएससीएन (आईएम) का शांति मुख्यालय दीमापुर के पास हेब्रोन में है जहां अधिकतर कैडर टांगखुल सुमदाय के है जो मुख्य तौर पर मणिपुर के उखरूल और कामपोंग जिले से है. ऐसे में रियो सरकार को इंडिजेनस लोगों का रजिस्टर तैयार करने से पहले कट-ऑफ तारीख तय करते समय काफी सावधानी बरतनी होगी.

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