Today is a day for scientists of the country to bow their heads. Today is the day of saluting the ISRO scientists. Because, their hard work has brought color. Chandrayaan-2, with India's expectations of more than 135 crores, has come out on its mission. So today, 3 lakh 84 thousand kilometers away from the earth will walk on the journey of the moon. It is the responsibility of the nation to cooperate with ISRO on this journey.
Today, glance of the entire world, including India, was rested at 2 pm and 43 minutes. This was the time when Chandrayaan-2 was to be launched from Sriharikota's Satish Dhawan Space Center. Everybody's beats grew up. Somewhere, there was a fear of an unknown, afraid of everyone. Because, on the night of July 14 and 15, the launch of Chandrayaan-2 had to be stopped 56 minutes before due to technological malfunction. But the scientists of ISRO overcome not only that shortage in such a short time. But rather proved that if there is a sense of going to do something in the heart, if there is will, then any goal can be achieved.
Successful launch of Chandrayaan-2, it is a living proof. However, many of you may not know this thing, for the past one week ISRO scientists have thrown everything in Chandrayaan-2's success. These scientists kept the dignity of the country above their family. He kept the success of Chandrayaan-2 above his personal self-interest. Today, we have analyzed the historic achievement of Indian scientists in a very simple and simple language, seeing that you will be proud not only as a Hindustani. Rather than exactly 48 days from today, when Chandrayaan-2 will move on the surface of the moon. By widening your cena, you will be able to tell citizens of other countries, that the fourth country to move to the moon after America, Russia and China is India.
The process of launch of Chandrayaan-2 lasted for 17 minutes. But, we have taken these three and a half minutes out of these 17 minutes for you. In which India's moon dream is coming true. So first of all, by keeping your hand on your heart, look at these pictures. And imagine the moon that is located 3 lakh 84 thousand kilometers away from the earth. Now the question is coming to your mind, what will happen next? Chandrayaan-2 has been launched. When and how will it descend on the surface of moon? Before you go ahead, you answer it.
There are three main stages in Chandrayaan-2. The first is Orbiter, which will revolutionize the Moon's orbit. The second part is the lander. It has been named Vikram and it will land on Moon's surface after 48 days. Lander will change his class when he approaches the moon's surface. And then he will scan the surface of the surface, where he has to descend. Because the most important part of the success of this mission is Soft Landing. Soft Landing is a technical term. This is from Landing's Technique. Simply put, Soft Landing means a technique that allows the Instruments to land on the surface of the moon without any harm.
Hard Landing is that, where there is damage to Instruments when landing. That is why it is being said that the last 15 minutes of the last moment will be very challenging for the success of the mission. Once landed on the moon's surface, a rover will come out from the lander. In other words, after Landing, the door of Vikram will open and the Rover will release Pragyan. Rover of 27 kilograms is a Robot vehicle with 6 wheels. Its name has been taken from Sanskrit, which means 'Knowledge'. And according to his name, he will gather information roaming around the surface of the moon.
India's Chandrayaan-II mission is also very special because it will try to land on the Moon's southern pole. The point to note is that no trace has been reached on the Moon's South Pole till now. Secondly, in 2008, during Chandrayaan-1 mission there were signs of water being on this part of the moon. And if Chandrayaan-2 finds land after landing on the moon's surface, then it will be a big event in human history. Chandrayaan-2 will give information about the water, minerals and the possibilities of life on the moon's surface. So far everything is going well in this mission.
Chandrayaan-2 has a terrain mapping camera which will create a 3D image of the moon's surface. It also has an X-Ray device that will check the stones on the surface of the Moon. There are high resolution cameras which will take photos of the moon.
It has an InfraRed device, with the help of mineral substances on the surface of the Moon, and the presence of water will also be detected. Chandrayaan-2 has been delayed by eight days but it will land on the Moon surface at its appointed time. Because it is very important for the success of this mission that Chandrayaan-2 should land on the moon surface between September 6 and 7. Because the place on which the landing has been fixed on the Moon, its position will be on the earth between 6 and 7 September and the sun will also be on that part.
To achieve this deadline, Chandrayaan-2 will reduce the Moon by 15 rounds, while it will have to use more than six rounds of earth. India is looking for a lot of time, but this whole process reduces the expenditure on the mission multiplied. The US and Russia have powerful rockets from India and they can reach the moon directly at a very short time. But India has taken the path of this shortcoming. India's Chandrayaan moves several rounds of Earth to get out of the Earth's Gravity and then gradually moves the orbit of the Earth and moves towards the Moon. Because of this, no big rockets are needed, and no more fuel is required.
India's space mission has been very convincing. Only 978 crores spent on Chandrayaan-2 That is why countries like America, Russia and China need to take some lessons from today's experience. However, the space program of these three countries is decades away from India. The US had begun its mission moon since the 1950s and sent 15 missions in the next two decades. If we look at the cost of today, then all the projects in the US spent over Rs 7 lakh crore.
Among them were 6 such missions in which the person was also landed on the Moon. This was the time when there was a race in space between the US and the Soviet Union. Then the Soviet Union sent nearly 50 Lunar missions in the 1960s and 1970s, in which 25 missions were lost. Today, about 1.5 lakh crore rupees were spent on these projects. Although Russia has not sent any human missions on the Moon. China sent the first mission on the moon in 2007. So far China has sent 10 Moon Mission. China spends nearly 50 thousand crores on space program every year. While in India this year, Rs 12,000 crore has been given for the space program in the budget. Israel launched its Moon Mission-Beresheet (Barrasset) in February this year, but this mission failed. On this project, Israel spent about 700 crores of rupees.
In this sense ISRO scientists are preceded by the whole world. India launched Chandrayaan-1 mission at the cost of Rs 386 crore in 2008. This was the only Orbiter in the mission, which had made 3400 rounds of Moon for 312 days.
Now, after 11 years, Rs 978 crore has been spent on Chandrayaan-2. That is, India has so far spent less than Rs.1400 crores on these two projects.
Some people say that India does not need the Space Program. They argue that the money that India spent on Moon Mission could have been spent on fundamental infrastructure in the country. Today we want to open the closed eyes of such people. Such people should know that Hollywood has some famous movies, whose budget was even more than the Chandrayaan-2 mission. The Hollywood film Dark Phoenix's budget released this year was more than Rs 1,350 crore. In the year 2018, Solo: A Star Wars Story was spent more than Rs. 1700 crores. Last year, the movie Avengers Infinity War had come, it cost more than 2100 crores. While the film released this year, Avengers Endgame's budget was more than Rs 2,400 crores.
You can also say that, in the budget of the West, in the budget, India is spending less than half the amount and goes to the moon. So we should salute ISRO scientists. There are two such machines behind the successful launch of Chandrayaan-2, which has become the backbone of India's space program at this time. The first is indigenous GSLV rocket i.e. Geo-Synchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle. It is currently being used as Mark three Version. These rockets can launch in a satellite space of up to 5 tons of weight. And secondly indigenous cryogenic engine, this technique has brought a revolution in the space program of India.
You will tell it more in depth, but before that know who are the real heroes of Chandrayaan-2? The first credit of successful launch of Chandrayaan-2 is, ISRO Chairman K. Sivan. The name of the project director is Muthayya Vanitha … who is a Data Specialist. Ritu Karidhal also contributed in the success of Chandrayaan-2 as a mission director. Apart from this, Mechanical Engineer, S. Somanath has also played his role. Chandan-2's Mission Director, J. Jayaprakash and Vehicle Director, Raghunath Pillai also contributed. Both of these scientists are Rocket Specialist in ISRO.
Apart from this, the pillar of success of the Mars mission, Dr. Anil Bharadwaj also became the hero of the successful launch of Chandrayaan-II. Now we just have to tell you a few names. The truth is that this success is the victory of every scientist of ISRO. But sadly, those who come to the streets to celebrate India's victory in a cricket match. Those people never celebrate the success of ISRO and the scientists of India. This apathy tells us that the people of our country are the slaves of entertainment and how much respect they have towards the scientists. Today, people of our country know the name of cricketers and actors .. But no one knows the name of the scientists … while he is the real hero of the country. We think this picture should be changed.
Rocket GSLV Mark-Three, which is carrying Chandrayaan-2 on the moon's journey, is also called Bahubali. Because, it is India's most weighty rocket. The CE-20 cryogenic engine has been used in the GSLV Mark-Three rocket. And you would love to know that it is completely indigenous. That is Made In India. At the end of the 80s, the United States had tried to stop India's GSLV program and America was successful too. Cryogenic engine is used in the GSLV rocket. In the late 1980s, India had sought cryogenic engines from Russia. Russia was also ready to give these engines to India for 230 million rupees. But then the US banned ISRO and stopped Russia from doing so.
America suspected that India could use the technique of cryogenic engine in its missile program. After this, India decided to create cryogenic engines based on indigenous technology. And finally, in 2010, India got success in this. Today India has its own cryogenic engine and India is also a member of the Missile Technology Control Regime. GSLV Mark-3 rocket will take India astronauts in the future. In the year 2021, the GSLV rocket will fly with the United States of America and NASA-ISRO Synthetic Aperture Radar, and this will be another pride of pride for India.
It is being called NISAR. Which will be the most expensive satellite in the world. These satellites will take pictures of Earth every week. It will be so powerful that with its help, it will be able to catch a change in the underground Tectonic plate, ice layer, agricultural land and forests.
That is, the United States did not even allow India to look at space. He is now observing the space with India on the shoulders. Not only that, during the Kargil war in 1999, the US had refused to give India the DATA related to GPS. With the help of this DATA, India wanted to explore the situation of terrorists and Pakistani soldiers. After 17 years of that incident, India developed its indigenous Navigation System in April 2016. That is, in the world of space, India has now become a completely self-sufficient country, and the world is welcoming the power of ISRO by open heart.
Meanwhile, US space agency NASA has congratulated the ISRO shortly before. But in this congratulation, there is a glimpse of jealousy. NASA has congratulated Chandrayaan-2 for this. Together they have also promoted their mission in the future. NASA has written that Congratulations to ISRO for Chandrayaan-2. We will continue to support your mission and hope that whatever information we collect about the Moon's South Pole will be our work.
Here the question will arise in anyone's mind, why do everybody want to go to the moon? Why are different countries sending their mission to the moon? Today, we have also tried to find an answer to this question. Apart from different countries, many companies also want to reach the moon. India's Chandrayaan – Two 48 days later, will try to land on the Moon's South Pole. Similarly, the Aerospace Company, named Blue Origin, also wants to go southwards. The Israeli organization tried to reach the moon in April this year. But his rocket failed in the last time.
The question is, why is the race to reach the moon all over the world? The answer is, the potential human colony to be built on the moon in the world of space. Every country wants to build its base in the moon. Last year, American Space Agency NASA had released some photos. There were signs of getting water and ice on the surface of the moon. It was a big event. à¤•à¥à¤¯à¥‹à¤‚à¤•à¤¿, à¤®à¤¾à¤¨à¤µà¤œà¤¾à¤¤à¤¿ à¤•à¥‹ à¤œà¥€à¤µà¤¿à¤¤ à¤°à¤¹à¤¨à¥‡ à¤•à¥‡ à¤²à¤¿à¤ à¤ªà¤¾à¤¨à¥€ à¤•à¥€ à¤œà¤¼à¤°à¥‚à¤°à¤¤ à¤ªà¤¡à¤¼à¥‡à¤—à¥€. à¤µà¥ˆà¤œà¥à¤žà¤¾à¤¨à¤¿à¤•à¥‹à¤‚ à¤•à¤¾ à¤®à¤¾à¤¨à¤¨à¤¾ à¤¹à¥ˆ, à¤•à¤¿ à¤šà¤¾à¤‚à¤¦ à¤ªà¤° à¤•à¤® à¤¸à¥‡ à¤•à¤® 10 à¤²à¤¾à¤– à¤Ÿà¤¨ à¤¬à¤°à¥à¤« à¤®à¥Œà¤œà¥‚à¤¦ à¤¹à¥‹ à¤¸à¤•à¤¤à¥€ à¤¹à¥ˆ. à¤¬à¤°à¥à¤« à¤¯à¤¾ à¤ªà¤¾à¤¨à¥€ à¤®à¥‡à¤‚ à¤¹à¤¾à¤‡à¤¡à¥à¤°à¥‹à¤œà¤¨ à¤”à¤° à¤‘à¤•à¥à¤¸à¥€à¤œà¤¨ à¤•à¥‡ à¤…à¤‚à¤¶ à¤®à¥Œà¤œà¥‚à¤¦ à¤¹à¥‹à¤¤à¥‡ à¤¹à¥ˆà¤‚. à¤”à¤° Rocket à¤®à¥‡à¤‚ à¤‡à¤¸à¥à¤¤à¥‡à¤®à¤¾à¤² à¤•à¤¿à¤ à¤œà¤¾à¤¨à¥‡ à¤µà¤¾à¤²à¥‡ à¤ˆà¤‚à¤§à¤¨ à¤®à¥‡à¤‚ à¤à¥€ à¤¯à¥‡ à¤¦à¥‹à¤¨à¥‹à¤‚ à¤¤à¤¤à¥à¤µ à¤¬à¤¡à¤¼à¥€ à¤®à¤¾à¤¤à¥à¤°à¤¾ à¤®à¥‡à¤‚ à¤®à¥Œà¤œà¥‚à¤¦ à¤¹à¥‹à¤¤à¥‡ à¤¹à¥ˆà¤‚.
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