Pakistan is being insulted today in the whole world and India's tricolor is waving around the whole world. The national flag of any country is a symbol of national sentiments of that country. The national flag represents every religion, caste, race, region and language of a country. All these features are present in the National Flag of India. 72 years ago on 22nd July 1947, the Constituent Assembly of India had accepted the Tricolor as the National Flag. Until then, India had no national flag. If we look at the history of India, then today, the Maurya Empire was in possession of almost 2 thousand 300 years ago. But at that time there was no national flag of India.
In the 17th century, the Mughal empire also had its influence on most part of India. But at that time there was no national flag of India. Prior to independence, there were more than 562 princely states in India. All these princely states also had different flags. In the period of slavery, the flag of British India was Union Jack. Which had no relation to India's culture and history. This flag, not of India. India was a symbol of slavery. When India was free, then the last time on August 15, 1947, Union Jack was dropped. During this ritual, India's last Viceroy Lord Louis Mountbatten was also present. Mountbatten had become quite emotional after watching Union Jack descending. But with goodwill, he also saluted the national flag of India ie Tricolor.
Pingali Venkaiya was a major contributor to the design of India's national flag. He was a freedom fighter. About 143 years ago on 2 August 1876 Pingali Venkaiah was born in Krishna district of Andhra Pradesh. From 1916 to the year 1921, Pingali Venkaiah conducted deep research on national flags of 30 countries. In the Congress conference in 1921, he presented his own design of the National Flag. That design was mainly red and green in the design. In which red color represents the Hindu and the green Muslim community.
Keeping the rest of the community in mind, Mahatma Gandhi spoke of putting white strip in that design. Mahatma Gandhi advised the inclusion of charkha in the middle of the flag. Charkha, at that time, was a symbol of revolution against the British. In August 1931, Congress passed a resolution to adopt the Tricolor as a national flag at its annual conference. In this flag, saffron color was added by removing the red color. Saffron color is considered a symbol of courage, sacrifice and sacrifice. That is, now in this flag there were saffron, white and green strips, and in between was the spinning wheel.
On July 22, 1947, the Constituent Assembly accepted the Tricolor as a national flag. But this flag included Ashok Chakra in place of Charkha. It was a blue circle, which is also called Ashoka's Dharma Chakra. Why was the Dharma Chakra included in the Tricolor? There is also a reason for this, the Dharma Chakra was used by Emperor Ashoka of the Maurya Empire. These Dharma Cycles symbolize the vast boundaries of Ashoka's India. At that time, the whole of India was tied to a rule of governance. In the Emperor Asoka's empire, the whole of Pakistan and today's Bangladesh was also present. It is a sad fact that the country has forgotten Pingali Venkaiah, who designed India's national flag. That is why today we put Pingali Venkaiah's contribution in front of the whole country.