Writer Vandana Gomber says that while giving a turning point to its clean energy policy, India is emphasizing the use of electric vehicles.
In 2017, Transport Minister Nitin Gadgari gave a big blow to the automobile industry. Nitin Gadgari had announced that he intends that all vehicles in India have been electrified by 2030.
At an industry conference, Nitin Gadkari said, "I am going to do the same thing whether you like it or not. I am not going to ask you for it."
It was an ambitious target given by Nitin Gadkari. Britain and France also want to completely remove engine vehicles by 2040.
But Gadkari and BJP's target has now reduced from 100 percent to 30 percent of electric passenger cars.
The government has taken this step due to the pressure of industry and the fear of leaving many jobs.
The government has now decided to focus on the segments under cars. Including two Wheeler and Three Wheeler (mostly auto rickshaws).
According to figures released by Indian automobile manufacturers, 34 lakh passenger cars sold across the country during the financial year ending March, while more than two crore to-two wheelers were sold. Seven lakh three wheels were purchased as well.
According to the new proposal, electric three-wheelers are to be operated across the country by 2023 and by 2025 Electric Two Wheels
The government has two main objectives – controlling pollution and leading it in the emerging industry.
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China at the forefront
Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman said in his budget speech earlier this month that India wanted to become a global hub of manufacturing electric vehicles.
But creating electric vehicles and generating profits from them would be a big challenge for India. India does not have any infrastructure for this, nor does it have as much money as China has in the forefront of the electric field.
China is the world's largest market of electric vehicles. These are large areas of charging electric vehicles. Apart from this, the world's largest battery maker.
American electric car manufacturer Tesla is going to open a manufacturing plant in Shanghai, which can be operational in late 2019.
India can learn some things from China. The government banned the sale of petrol diesel vehicles in the most crowded and polluted cities of the city.
Apart from this, car manufacturers also have to ensure that no vehicle produced by them will produce any harmful gas.
The second inspiration for India can be Norwegian. Where half of the total car sales were last year, there were electric cars. In Norway, engine driven vehicles will be removed by 2025.
But in India too, there are positive signs about this.
First, charging stations are being set up in government offices and malls in India. Government-owned power companies such as Bharat Heavy Electricals and Energy Efficiency Services have planned to start charging stations soon. 10,000 stations will be built in the next two years.
Companies Launched Electric Vehicle
Second, models of electric vehicles are being introduced in the country. Hyundai had launched its electric angle car in July itself, apart from that Nissan Company will launch its model soon.
Both the Indian car maker Mahindra and Mahindra and Tata Motors sell electric cars. Electric buses can also be seen in many cities. About one thousand electric buses can be seen in the capital city.
Apart from this, the home delivery app also has started using electric vehicles. Ola, a car service provider, is also considering launching electric bikes and three wheelers.
There are already many models of electric two-wheelers and bike-sharing companies are also going to be electric.
Instead of charging batteries, there may be another way in which the charging battery is provided at stations only. Which can be used by changing the instant battery. Many companies are using such experiments.
The government is promoting local manufacturing of electric vehicles and batteries under the Make In India initiative.
The falling cost of the battery can fuel India's electric mobility plans and it will make it easier to make electric vehicles compete with engine-powered vehicles. This is good for clean air.
This will move India towards its unique style and electric mobility at its unique pace.
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