A permanent job for most people in 2019 has now become a distant dream.
The gig economy with Haier and Fire is spreading fast. According to an estimate, 5.7 million people in the USA and 11 million in the UK are doing short-term jobs.
There is more speed in it. By 2035, most of us will be working without long-term agreements and will look at our every move through the Internet-connected billions of devices (IoT).
It has been dubbed in a report by the Royal Society of Arts, Manufacturers and Commerce (RSA), which outlines future challenges and opportunities, but it is already becoming a reality.
Sara McIntosh, an ex-employee of an online retailer, says, "I had to log in (software) when the start and finish of the shift and had to be told about every break, even about to go to toilet. "
"They will count how much I have done on their system, then take out a break from my work hours and will run into it and see whether I have completed the day's goal."
- Your phone does your spying, how come?
- ISI taped 25,000 phones in four months
Spying on work
According to a report by the Trade Union Congress (TUC), 56% of UK workers feel that they are spied on work.
Their internet access, keystrokes and web cameras are monitored. Using their wearable devices and facial recognition techniques, their location and identity are examined.
In the report of the Trade Union Congress, an example of a construction worker has been given, after getting the thumb.
There was no agreement with him. There was no time in any process, but it is a violation of her privacy.
In the report of the Royal Society, four conditions have been conceived by 2035. One of these has been called "exact economy".
The authors chose 2035 because it seems a little far away in the imagination of the people, but this time is also so close that its possibilities can easily be guessed.
Asim Singh, director of the economy at RSA, says, "2035 will be familiar but will be different."
They say that four scenarios of the report have been designed so that it can be seen as to where the future can be.
The probability of having an accurate economy scenario is not more than the other three scenarios, but it is most upsetting.
- Such is the spy of your phone and laptop
- Your phone does your spying, how come?
Gig economy 2035
In the precise economy scenario, companies will be able to utilize real-time data mobilized with sensors in efficient allocation of resources.
In the health and retail sector, gig economy patterns will be normalized by 2035, in which companies will be able to make labor strategies according to demand.
In addition to the expansion of the sensors, they will also be able to analyze every activity of the employees.
Information about the number of customers will be collected from sensors in retail outlets. Stuff movements can be monitored by the wearables.
On the basis of the data, the staff will be given a star rating and the manager will use them to reward or punish employees.
Singh says that the work of monitoring people working in godowns and call centers through timetheets and surveillance equipment has already begun.
- Merkel phone calls on US accused of espionage
- Pocket Mobile Phone Detectives
Bethia Stone works in a PR agency. There is a log of logic of every 15 minutes, 30 minutes, and one hour block, with the help of timesheet software.
The result of this is that the staff has started overtime overtime and the environment has become "worrisome and stressful".
Stone had experienced this surveillance even when he was a student while working in a supermarket.
"I had to scan things in a certain number every minute. If that number decreased then under performance was considered and there could be disciplinary action."
Singh says such surveillance is increasing. "Jobs are declining, and workers are going from one temporary job to another temporary work. The employer is expecting more from them."
"This is not just a matter of hours of work, it is a challenge in the privacy, happiness, autonomy and mechanized world to feel ourselves as a human being."
Some employees Happy Are
According to the report, this system of monitoring can also be supported by those workers who feel that this will bring a halt to the masked colleagues, they will be paid more on the basis of the performance and new opportunities for them to open will open.
"The extreme goal of this economy coincides with the 1984 novel scenario in which there is a world where the world of work, political and social world are connected and completely controlled."
They feel that if we allow, then the technique can increase the speed of this process.
- USA-Snowden is espousing companies
- Merkel's espionage was taking place for ten years
The design of the gig economy gives employers the freedom to adjust the staff on the basis of demand.
Workers can choose to work their choice in a short span of time. It may sound good to theoretically but it is also a loss.
Professor Keith Bender of Economics at Aberdeen University says that companies lose their employees' loyalty.
In the absence of a second job, workers are forced to make a zero hour contract in which there is no guarantee of job security.
According to the report, zero-hour contracts are currently paid poorly, but special plans will be created in the future.
There will be polarization in the gig economy. People with a high rating will get the work of their choice, while others will be thrown into discouraging work to discourage discouraged workers.
Demanding workers – such as a nurse or a doctor – will be benefitted because they will be able to get extra money for extra hours.
In order to improve their performance under constant supervision of the employer, some workers may also take medicines for enhancing brain development.
- India is evolving to avoid espionage monitoring system-
- Privacy Support to Phone Hacking
Old and young
It will be easy for young workers to move forward and climb up the ladder on the career, but it will be on the price of old and less flexible colleagues.
Bender asks if old people will lose. He says, "Conservative thinking is that old generations will not be able to run with the technology and the new generation. But there is an argument that new people do not give the importance of privacy to the previous generation, so they will also be at risk."
Old or young, Bender believes that more affluent people will be able to defend their interests in temporary working conditions because they have more cash.
Singh agrees with this. They say that we are also taking the risk of the dual system of "monitoring inequality".
Those who have instruments can demand better conditions, but those who do not have the resources will suffer.
Thus the probability is that many workers will be left to fight for low paid jobs.
"If we are wide enough to go to the root of the gig economy, then we have to radically rethink," says Bender.
For example, the National Health Service (NHS) and other health care agencies will have more resources to solve the mental health problems of people, because it will be stressful because of not getting employment protection.
PR Employee Stone says that although no one criticized him for his work hours, but he knows that he is being monitored. That's stressful.
"It keeps running in the mind that your seniors do not think that you are doing less work." The trust also breaks trust in the offices.
Violation of privacy
The e-mails and messages sent to the team team's assistant assistant Carly Thompset and their colleagues also read their employer.
She says, "It has worsened us and managers because we thought we were being treated like children."
The offline monitoring also continued. "If we were standing or talking to each other, we would always have been watched. It seemed as if we were in jail."
Thodosiu says, "Such monitoring is an aspect of anti-social aspect because every activity of the employees can be monitored and analyzed."
"They do not have employees' control and they do not know how their employers can use arbitrary information."
He warns that due to constant surveillance, the staff will stop controlling any aspect of their life from the office, thereby posing a risk of increasing the stress.
This type of workplace will cause both mental and physical harm to the employees.
Naomi Climer, Vice President, Royal Academy of Engineering says, "Well, there are some positive arguments in favor of the supervision of employees, such as safety and good performance recognition, but it is often implemented in such a way that it Automatically reduces dignity and enhances stress. "
The gig economy is already blamed for poaching poor people.
The final result will come from governments, labor organizations and associations on how to monitor the monitoring of the excessive monitoring techniques and how they prepare a regulatory framework to safeguard the rights of the people in danger.
Singh says that we need new social contracts or a 21st century security mechanism, which will help to enrich and advance all.
"Welfare schemes will have to be bigger and bolder, as much as 7 decades ago (British reformer) William Beveridge thought of creating a welfare state."
Just like "1984", Winston Smith fights with Big Brother.
Head of economics at Leeds University Business School, David Spencer believes that excessive monitoring will be opposed and its effect will be limited. "In the end, we have the option to develop the technology."
Lions give some examples. "Every employer wants to say collectively that tagging employees of the warehouse is not right. We should insist that human rights law should be reconsidered in this era of surveillance."
"We need to ensure that our voice is heard, we need a platform for discussions on automation and mechanisms."
"We need to overcome them by discussing bad practices and need to bring government and business together."
Freedom does not mean slavery. We can prevent Big Brother from seeing everything, if we stay alert.
(BBC Worldwide To read the original English article on Click here Please. You bbc Vernalif ToFacebook And Twitter But can follow)
(For BBC Android's Android app you Click here can do. You us Facebook, Twitter, Instagram And YoutubeBut also can follow.)