Former External Affairs Minister of India and senior leader of Bharatiya Janata Party Sushma Swaraj has died due to cardiac arrest. He was taken to AIIMS after a cardiac arrest but could not be saved.
What is Cardiac arrest?
What is a cardiac arrest, why does it prove so dangerous for the human body and how is it different from having a heart failure or a heart attack?
According to Heart.org, cardiac arrest is sudden and there is no warning from the body.
The reason for this is usually electrical disturbances in the heart, which distort the beat.
This affects the ability of the heart to pump and it is not able to deliver blood to the brain, heart or other parts of the body.
Within a few moments, the person becomes unconscious and the pulse keeps going.
If the right treatment is not given at the right time, then death can occur within seconds or minutes of cardiac arrest.
Death fixed in cardiac arrest?
According to the British Heart Foundation, when the problems of electrical signal in the heart do not reach the blood in the body, then it takes the form of cardiac arrest.
When the human body stops pumping blood, there is a lack of oxygen in the brain.
When this happens, the person becomes unconscious and stops breathing.
How to know if a heart attack is happening
You may also have had a heart attack!
Are there any symptoms?
The biggest difficulty is that there are no symptoms before cardiac arrest.
This is the reason that the risk of death in case of cardiac arrest increases manifold.
The most common reason for this is said to be extrahepatic heart rhythm, which in science language is called ventricular fibrillation.
The electrical activities of the heart deteriorate so much that it stops beating and trembles in a way.
There can be many reasons for cardiac arrest, but some heart related diseases increase its risk. They are:
– Coronary heart disease
– heart attack
– Congenital heart disease
– Heart valve trouble
– Inflammation in heart muscle
– Long QT syndrome like disorder
Apart from this, there are some other reasons which may call for cardiac arrest, such as:
– get an electric shock
– Taking excessive drugs
– haemorrhage in which there is considerable loss of blood
– Drowning in the water
Is it possible to avoid it?
But can it be recovered from cardiac arrest?
Yes, by giving electric shock through the chest many times it can be recovered. For this, a tool called defibrillator is used.
It is usually found in all major hospitals. There are main machines and shock-giving bases, which are attached to the chest to try to protect them from arrest.
But the problem is that if there is no defibrillator around in case of cardiac arrest.
The answer is, CPR. Its strength is cardiopulmonary resuscitation. In this, loud pressure is given to the patient's chest by keeping both hands straight.
In this, air is also delivered through the mouth.
How is it different from heart attack?
Most people consider cardiac arrest and heart attack to be the same. But this is not true. There is a significant difference between the two.
Heart attack comes when a clot in the coronary artery causes a disturbance in the way of blood to the heart muscle.
It causes severe chest pain. Although, at times the symptoms are weak, but prove to be enough to damage the heart.
In this, the heart continues to deliver blood to the rest of the body and the patient can remain in consciousness.
But the person who has a heart attack is at increased risk of cardiac arrest.
And in cardiac arrest, the heart immediately stops transmitting blood on the basis. This is the reason why the person suddenly falls unconscious and stops breathing.
Easy to avoid in a heart attack?
Oxygen blood does not reach a particular part of the heart due to the heart attack stopping in the heart attack.
If its path is not opened immediately on the basis, then the part of the heart which reaches the blood through it, it starts to suffer a lot of damage.
In case of heart attack, the longer the treatment is received, the more damage will be done to the heart and body.
Symptoms can also be seen immediately and in some time. Apart from this, the effect can be seen till a few hours or a few days after the heart attack.
A heart attack does not stop in a heart attack apart from a cardiac cardiac arrest.
Therefore, compared to cardiac arrest, the chances of saving the patient in heart attack are much more.
These two diseases associated with the heart are deeply interlinked. The problem is that cardiac arrest can occur during heart attack and also during its recovery.
It is not necessary to arrest the heart attack, but there is doubt.
How big a reason for death?
According to NCBI, cardiovascular diseases are responsible for about 17 million deaths annually in the world. This is 30 percent of the total deaths.
In the case of developing countries, it is responsible for double the combined deaths of HIV, malaria and TB.
According to an estimate, deaths from cardiac cardiac arrest account for 40â€“50 percent of deaths from heart diseases.
The worldwide survival rate of cardiac arrest is less than one percent and in America it is around 5 percent.
Death due to cardiac arrest around the world is a sign that it is not easy to escape from its deadly potential.
Alternative strategies are also being worked out for this.
Tools to help recover from cardiac arrest are not readily available and the situation is worse in developing countries.
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