- Unemployment rate in the state is more than 17%, 17% people aged 15-49 years unemployed, 10% population below poverty line
- Jammu and Kashmir ranks last in 21 states of the country in terms of good governance
Aug 11, 2019, 08:46 AM IST
Bhaskar Network. The Central Government has changed the provisions of Article 370 giving special status to Jammu and Kashmir and divided the state into two Union Territories Jammu and Kashmir and Ladakh. Apart from this, Article-35A has also been abolished. In such a situation, there has been a debate that how much will this change of Jammu and Kashmir change? What will be the advantage or disadvantage of it?
As far as the help from the Center is concerned, from the first five-year plan from 1951 to 1956 to the plan of 2007 to 2012 and 57 lakh crore rupees have been spent in the country, out of which 51 thousand crores was spent on Jammu and Kashmir alone. That is, about 1% of the expenditure on the entire country. Jammu and Kashmir, Chhattisgarh and Assam are the three states in the country where the PM Ujjwala scheme has been implemented with the most success.
Despite this, the situation is that the state is backward in basic matters like education, health and employment, it is also the fifth most corrupt state in the country. Talking about other matters, Jammu and Kashmir is at number 19 in the country in terms of availability of clean water for drinking. It is available only in 77% of the households, whereas on an average 85.5% of the households in the country have reached drinking water. The workforce here comprises only 14% of women.
4 times bigger than Punjab, but 3 times behind in terms of economy
Jammu and Kashmir is about 4 times larger in area than its neighboring state of Punjab, but it is not even one third of Punjab in terms of economy. The economy of Punjab is about Rs 5.18 lakh crore, while that of Jammu and Kashmir is Rs 1.7 lakh crore. However, there can be many reasons behind this, from fertile land, to farming. In such a situation, do you know where the Jammu and Kashmir era of 370 stands compared to the rest of the country on socio-economic parameters of development?
Look at the 15 parameters required for socio-economic development. Where does Kashmir stand?
1. Education- How much is educated?
Literacy here is 69%, about 5% less than the national average: According to the 2011 census 68.74% of the population of Jammu and Kashmir is literate. Among them, male literacy is 76.75 percent while female literacy rate is 56.43 percent. In this case it is at number 30 and only ahead of Bihar, Jharkhand, Rajasthan, Arunachal Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh and Telangana. India's literacy rate is 74%.
2. Will health services be good?
1 hospital and 3 doctors available on 2700 people: According to the data available till 2016-17 in Jammu and Kashmir, there is one hospital per 2769 people and one doctor, hakim, vaidya and nurse per thousand people. The hospital also has one bed per 855 people.
3. What is the average lifespan?
The average age here is 72.6, 4.7 more than in the country: The life expectancy rate in the state is the average life span of a person is 72.6 years. Only Kerala (74.9) and Delhi (73.2) are ahead in this matter. The life expectancy rate here was 67.9 between 2010-14. According to the United Nations Human Development Index report, the life expectancy rate in India is 67.9 years.
4. How much is unemployment?
17.4% have no work: Unemployment higher than UP and Bihar. 17% of people aged 15â€“49 are unemployed. According to CMIE, the unemployment rate in the state is 17.4%, while the national average is 7.51%. In 2011, 34% of the total population was in the workforce.
5. How many people have home and land?
0.15% of the population is homeless, more than three lakh houses remain vacant: The state owns 14.49 lakh people. About 63 per cent of them have less than half a hectare of land. The shocking thing is that there are only 95 people who have more than 20 hectares of land. Apart from this, there are more than 30 lakh houses in the state of which about 3 lakh are lying vacant. Only 0.15% of the population in the state is homeless. Jammu and Kashmir and Uttar Pradesh topped the country in terms of members in a family. There are on average more than 5 members in a family here.
6. What is the position of governance?
Worst case in 21 states: Jammu and Kashmir ranks last in 21 states of the country in terms of good governance. The reason for this is the changing political and social conditions here. In terms of good governance, Rajasthan ranks first, Gujarat second, Maharashtra third, Karnataka fourth and Madhya Pradesh fifth.
7. What is the status of infant mortality?
Thousands of children are born, 24 of them die: This situation has improved a lot in Jammu and Kashmir and it has come down from 37 to 24 in three years. While the national average is 34.
|Jammu and Kashmir||24||26||34||37||39|
Jammu and Kashmir ranks 28th among 36 states and union territories in terms of childbirth registration. Only 77 out of 100 children born here are registered. However, 86% of children are born in a hospital under the supervision of a doctor-nurse.
8. How many below the poverty line?
10.4% BPL, 11% less poverty than the country: 10.4 percent of the population of Jammu and Kashmir is below the poverty line. Poverty line is below 11% in just 7 states, it is seventh. 22% of the population in the country is below the poverty line. Chhattisgarh is the most backward in this matter. There, 40 percent of the population in the country is below the poverty line.
9. How easy is business?
22nd in the country: Ease of Doing Business: Jammu and Kashmir ranks 22nd in the country in terms of ease of doing business. The rankings are expected to improve if changes to Article 370 and other industries of new industry and development take place after 35A is over.
10. How much is the airport?
2 domestic, 1 international: There are 4 airports in the state. Jammu and Leh is domestic, Srinagar is international. Whereas Kargil is only for the army.
11. Status of Higher Education?
There are 8 universities, 2 central ones: There are a total of 8 universities and 54 government colleges in Jammu and Kashmir. Among them are the Central Universities in Jammu and Srinagar.
12. Terrorism Situation?
47,234 incidents in 31 years: There have been 47,234 terrorist incidents in the last 31 years. These killed 14,903 civilians and killed 23,745 terrorists. However 6,524 security personnel were also martyred.
13. What is the status of crimes?
Less than 1% of total crimes, number 20: Jammu and Kashmir ranks 20th in the country in terms of crimes. However, it accounts for less than 0.8% of the total crimes recorded in the country as of 2016. According to the National Crime Records Bureau data as of 2016, 206 crimes have been registered per 100,000 people. The figure is 379 in the country. In 2016, 48,31,515 crimes were registered in the country under the Indian Penal Code i.e. During this time, a total of 24,501 crimes were registered in Jammu and Kashmir.
14. How much is corruption?
At number 5 in the country, 44% of people had to bribe: According to the CMS-India Corruption Study 2017, Jammu and Kashmir ranks 5th in the country in corruption. 44% of the people of the state admitted that they had to bribe to get them working in government offices. Of this, Andhra (74%) was at number one. India ranks 78 out of 175 countries in Transparency International's Corruption Perception Index. Although corruption has decreased in the country.
15. Law & Order Status?
Better than just 3 states including Tamil Nadu and Bihar: The law and order situation in Jammu and Kashmir keeps on deteriorating. According to India Today's State of the States Survey 2018, Jammu and Kashmir ranks fourth nationwide in terms of poor law and order and is better than only Tamil Nadu, Bihar and Kerala. After the break-up of the BJP-PDP alliance, there is now President's rule.
Source- NITI Aayog, Census-2011, National Family Health Survey, CMIE.