Tradition of fasts and festivals
In Hinduism, the tradition of many fasts and festivals has been based on the unwavering love of Shiva-Parvati. Mata Parvati and Shiva are believed to give the blessings of Atal Suhag to all the Suhagin women who worship them. It is mentioned in the Puranas that in one birth Parvati herself did harsh penance to get Shiva as her husband and asked him for her as a boon. This fast is known as Haritalika Teej Vrat. In many places it is also called Bade Teej. Although all the Suhaginas across India observe this fast with great enthusiasm, but Haritalika Teej is celebrated with great pomp, especially in Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan.
The story of Haritalika Teej Vrat
Once Parvati did harsh penance at the age of 12 on the banks of the Ganges on the Himalayas. She wanted to have Shiva as her husband. Unknown to the purpose of his fast, his father Giriraj was very sad to see his daughter in distress. At such a time Narada Muni himself came and told Giriraj that Lord Vishnu wants to marry him, pleased with the harsh tenacity of your daughter. After listening to him, Parvati's father gave his consent very pleased. On the other hand, Narada Muni went to Lord Vishnu and said that Giriraj wants to marry his daughter to you. Shri Vishnu also gave his consent to the marriage.
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Giriraj told this good news to his daughter
After Narada's departure, Giriraj told his daughter the good news that his marriage had been finalized with Shri Vishnu. On hearing her, Parvati started to moan loudly. Seeing this, his beloved friend sought to know the reason for the mourning. Parvati told that she had accepted Shivji as her husband and father had arranged her marriage to Shri Vishnu. Parvati asks her friend to help them, hide them in some secret place otherwise they will give up their lives. Believing Parvati, Sakhi took them to a dense forest and hid them in a cave. In solitude there, Parvati started meditating on Lord Shiva with more rigor.
Parvati made the Shivalinga of Balurat
In the meantime, Parvati made the Shivalinga of Balurat on the Tritiya of Bhadrapad Shukla Paksha in Hastha Nakshatra and fasted by staying awake at night, staying uninhabitable, unharmed. Pleased with his severe penance, Lord Shiva appeared and asked for a boon. Parvati sought him as her husband. Shiva returned with boon and went to Mount Kailash. After this Parvati ji came out of her secret place. His father was deeply saddened since he left his daughter's house. He had promised marriage to Lord Vishnu and his daughter was not the only one in the house. Parvati was being searched all around. After completion of the fast, Parvati carried all the worship material and Shivling in the river Ganges and passed the fast with her sakhi. Then Giriraj reached there, finding him. He asks Parvati the reason for leaving the house. Parvati said that I have accepted Shivji as my husband and you are marrying me with Shri Vishnu. If you marry me with Shivji, then only I will go home with you. Father Giriraj accepted Parvati's stubbornness and got her pompously married to Shiva.
Harat means haran and alika means friend
Parvati's friend had taken them away and took them to the forest. This fast is known as Haritalika Vrat due to harat ie haran and alika i.e. sakhi means sakhi. It is believed that the woman who completes this fast with complete rituals, attains supreme praise in the boon from Shiva and finally sings Shivloka.
Fasting Worship Method
The fast of Haritalika Teej is observed on Tritiya of Shukla Paksha of Bhadrapada month. On this day Shankar-Parvati of Balurat is made. A circle of flowers is decorated on them. The house of worship is decorated with banana trees. It is a waterless, non-vegetarian fast, in which only fruits are offered as offerings. Vrati women wake up at night, perform bhajan-kirtan and worship Lord Shiva. At dawn on the second day, this fast is concluded with the immersion of Shivling and worship material in the river.
Tritiya Tithi is lost
This year Haritalika Teej may be fasting on September 1, but in fact, this time Tritiya Tithi is decaying. Because on September 1, the second date will be until 8.26 in the morning. Tritiya Tithi will start from 8.26 am, which will end at 4.56 am before sunrise on 2 September. Since Tritiya will end before sunrise on the second day, starting after sunrise on 1 September, this date has decayed.