new Delhi : India is going to take another quantum leap in space on 2 September. Vikram Lander will be separated this afternoon from the orbiter orbiting the moon under Chandrayaan-2 mission (Chandrayaan 2) launched on 22 July. It will make two rounds of the moon's orbit. Meanwhile, it will be prepared to land on the southern pole of the moon. It will create history by landing on the moon on 7 September. State-of-the-art equipment has been installed in Vikram Lander, which will do many important research on the moon. Along with Vikram, a robotic vehicle named Pragyan will also land on the moon's surface.
Chandrayaan-2 weighing 3.8 tons
The total weight of Chandrayaan-2 is 3.8 tonnes (3,850 kg). In this Chandrayaan-2, an orbiter, a lander and a rover are also going to the moon. His name is Chandrayaan-2 orbiter, Vikram Lander and Pragyan Rover. Chandrayaan-2 was launched by ISRO on 22 July. Today i.e. on September 2, the lander Vikram will leave the orbiter and leave for the surface of the moon. But the lander Vikram will land on the lunar surface on September 7, 2019.
Vikram will land between 2 big pits on the moon
Under Chandrayaan-2 mission, lander Vikram and Rover Pragyan will land on the lunar surface. The lander Vikram weighs 1,471 kg. It is named after Dr. Vikram Sarabhai, the father scientist of the Indian space program. It will get power from 650 Watt energy. It is 2.54 * 2 * 1.2 meters long. While landing on the moon, it will work continuously for 1 day of the moon. 1 day of the moon is equal to 14 days of the earth. It will land between two big pits of the moon, Maginus C and Simpleus N.
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Vikram will have 4 instruments:
Three important instruments with lander Vikram will be sent to the moon for research. A special instrument has been installed to measure and research seismic movements on the moon. Apart from this, there is also a special device to check the temperature changing on the moon. The third tool in this is the Langmoor Probe. It will research the upper layer of the atmosphere of the moon and the surface of the moon. Vikram will carry out mapping and distance research through his fourth instrument, the laser retroreflector.
Pragyan Rover with 6 tires is also special
Under Chandrayaan-2, along with the lander Vikram who landed on the moon, Pragyan Rover will also land there. The Pragyan Rover is a kind of robotic vehicle. One who walks on the moon's surface and will do research there. Its weight is 27 kg. It is 0.9 * 0.75 * 0.85 m big. It has six tires which will be able to do various research by walking comfortably on the rough surface of the moon. It can travel at a speed of 500 meters to 1 centimeter per second on the lunar surface. It will get its energy from the Sun. Also, this lander will be in contact with Vikram.
Pragyan has 2 special tools
The Robotics Research Vehicle (Rover) will have two specialized equipment. The rover will conduct research using the Alpha Alpha X-ray spectrometer to obtain information about the formation of atmospheric elements on the lunar surface near the landing site. Apart from this, through the laser induced breakdown spectroscope, the probe will also research the elements present on the surface.
This is something Chandrayaan-2 orbiter
Chandrayaan-2 orbiter weighs 2,379 kg. It is 3.2 * 5.8 * 2.1 meters large. Its mission life is 1 year. This orbiter will play an important role in the entire Chandrayaan-2 mission. Through this, contact will be made between Vikram Lander landing on the lunar surface and ISRO scientists on earth. It will be present on the moon's orbit. This will send information from the lander Vikram and Rover Prajna on the lunar surface to the scientists on earth.
Orbiter will research with 8 instruments
1. Chandrayaan-2 orbiter has 8 instruments to research the moon from the moon's orbit. There is a Terrain Mapping Camera-2 to create a digital model of the moon.
2. It has a Chandrayaan-2 large area soft X-ray spectrometer (CLAS) to examine the elements present on the lunar surface.
3. There is a solar X-ray monitor to provide solar X-ray spectrum input to the class.
4. It has an imaging IR spectrometer to detect the presence of water on the moon and research on the minerals there.
In the same way, there are many more.
5. It has dual frequency synthetic aperture radar for mapping the poles of the moon and detecting frozen ice under the surface.
6. It has lunar atmospheric composition explorer-2 for research on the lunar surface.
7. This high restography mapping will be done through the Orbiter High Resolution Camera.
8. There is a dual frequency radio device to examine the lower layer of the moon's atmosphere.
Mission Chandrayaan-2 is very special:
1. The first space mission that will successfully conduct a landing on the south polar region of the Moon.
2. The first Indian expedition, which will be launched on the surface of the moon with indigenous technology.
3. The first Indian expedition which will gather information about the lunar surface with the technology developed in the country
4. India will be the fourth country to land research on the lunar surface.