new Delhi : Vikram Lander lost contact with scientists before landing on the moon under India's Chandrayaan-2 mission (Chandrayaan-2). Despite this, India has created history by reaching the moon's south pole. Earlier, a research vehicle sent during India's Chandrayaan-1 mission (Chandrayaan-1) had discovered evidence of water in the lunar soil. The whole world saluted India on this. Now, even though Vikram Lander has lost contact with scientists of the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO), the Chandrayaan-2 orbiter will be in the moon's orbit for a full year and conduct research on the moon.
ISRO launched Chandrayaan-1 in 2008
ISRO launched Chandrayaan-1 on 22 October 2008 as part of its first moon mission. It was launched through PSLV XL rocket. Under this, an orbiter and an importer were sent towards the moon. The orbiter had to stay on the moon's orbit and hit the impactor against the lunar surface. Chandrayaan-1 reached the moon's orbit on 8 November 2008. The life of this mission was two years. The cost of this entire project was Rs 386 crores.
Impactor hit the moon on November 18, 2008
On November 18, 2008, an impact probe ship sent to the moon under Chandrayaan-1 broke away from the orbiter and hit the lunar surface. It landed near the Shackleton Crater (pit) located near the south pole of the moon. The part of the moon on which it collided has been named Jawahar Point. The importer had dug his soil far outside while hitting the lunar surface. Remains of water were to be found in this.
11 special equipment were installed
The total weight of Chandrayaan-1 was 1,380 kg. It had high resolution remote sensing devices. Through these instruments, the atmosphere of the moon and its surface were closely examined. These included chemical characters, moon mapping and topography. The result of this was that on 25 September 2009, ISRO announced that Chandrayaan-1 had discovered evidence of water on the lunar surface. Chandrayaan-1 had 11 special equipment.
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Campaign ended on August 29, 2009
The mission life of Chandrayaan-1 launched by ISRO was two years. But after about a year technical flaws started coming in the orbiter. On August 28, 2009, Chandrayaan-1 stopped sending data to scientists. After this, ISRO announced the closure of Chandrayaan-1 mission on 29 August 2009. Nearly 7 years later, on July 2, 2016, NASA's very powerful radar system was captured by a single object orbiting the moon. Investigation revealed that it is Chandrayaan-1 of India. It still exists there.