Mumbai: If we talk about blood groups, by now we all must have heard about positive and negative groups of these together with A group, B group, AB group and O group. Usually whenever we get our blood test done, our blood group is one of these. In addition, patients in the AB blood group can often take blood from the donor of any blood group, so it is called 'universal recipients' and on the same lines people of O blood group can donate their blood to any blood group patient. , Hence they are called 'universal donors'. This thing will also be known to most of us. But hardly any of you have ever heard of 'Bombay Blood Group'.
Today, we are talking about this blood group, which is considered to be extremely rare worldwide, because the demand for this special and extremely rare blood group in the country's financial capital Mumbai has suddenly increased. According to information from the think Foundation, a long-standing organization for this particular blood group, the need for this rare blood group for 5 patients was seen in different hospitals of the city in the last one week. During this period, patients of this blood group are admitted in Mumbai's Nair Hospital, JJ, Tata and Hinduja Hospital.
What is Bombay Blood Group after all?
Resident Prashant Salve, Mendical Intensive Care Unit resident of Nair Hospital, Mumbai, said that according to an estimate, the rarest of rare blood type is found in only 0.0004 per cent of the people in the world, whereas in India it is found in about 10 thousand people in one person. is found. This blood group was first discovered in Bombay (now Mumbai) in 1952 by Dr. YM Bhende, due to which the blood group was named 'Bombay Blood Group'. This blood group is also called Hh and oh blood group. A person from the Bombay blood group can give blood to those with the ABO blood group. But they cannot take blood from them. It can take blood only from its own blood type ie Hh blood type. It is important to mention here that the people of this blood group have a normal life and do not have any physical problems.
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This blood group is so rare that out of about 10 thousand people in India, 1 person belongs to this blood group. If a patient needs this blood group, it is very difficult to get a donor for this in a short time. Because this blood group is not stored in blood banks. Even there are only a few blood banks where the data record of its donor is kept. Usually these blood banks contact some institutions, who have the information about the donors of this blood group, if needed.
Dr. Rosemary D'Souza of Nair Hospital said that there are only a few non-governmental organizations in the country that maintain the registry of people of such blood groups. One such organization is the Think Foundation. When a patient of this blood group is admitted to all hospitals in Maharashtra including Mumbai and needs blood, this institution is contacted most of the time, then the institution is the donor of this rare blood group based on the data that they have , Co-ordinates the needy and the hospital.
Many times a donor from Satara, Sangli district donates blood for a patient admitted in Mumbai 200-300 km away. According to Vinay Shetty, the founder of the Think Foundation, he has around 450 registered people of this blood group from across the country, whereas active donors are just 40 of them. You can also guess how rare this blood group is, that many times, for a patient from Delhi, Punjab, West Bengal, on the demand of this blood group, by donating blood from the registered donors of Mumbai or Maharashtra to these states. Air lift is also provided.
Sachin Sonatake, a resident of Mumbai, is one such special blood donor whose blood type is 'Bombay Blood Group'. Special donors like Sachin are asked to donate blood only when such a patient needs this rare blood. The special thing is that these donors often go from one city to another to donate blood at their expense. Sachin has also donated his blood to patients from different parts of the country not only in Mumbai but in their difficult circumstances. They consider themselves lucky.
Usually many times people of Bombay blood group are mistaken to understand O group and when these people need blood, it is known that they belong to Bombay group rather than O group. It is a scientific way to identify blood group, if you try to understand in simple words, then it is found to be A antigent on red blood cells found in the blood, A group when it is found to be B antigen, B is found in both antigent and AB is found. If both the group and the antigent are not found, the O group is considered. But on the lines of O blood group, both A and B antigents are also not found in Bombay blood group.
Also, there is not found another antigent H in it. It is usually difficult to find in the general pathology lab that you are not of the O group but of the Bombay blood group because it requires special technology to investigate. Like A, B, AB and O groups, positive and negative groups are also found in Bombay blood group. Bombay Blood Group – Negative is even more rare. In general, this blood group can be administered for 35 to 45 days while the technique called cryo preservation can preserve it for one year, this technique keeps the blood at very low temperature but in India this technique There is very little space used.