Garima Sharma, New Delhi: We all know how important today's day is to the whole world, because today (16 September), the 25th 'International Ozone Day' is being celebrated all over the world. There is no doubt that in the last several years, in the field of modern technology, man has made great progress. In the era of modernity, in the race to go ahead of each other, there has been some inadvertent violation of our nature inadvertently, due to which we have got many times the destructive rage of beautiful nature. Now one of those disastrous examples is the hole in the 'ozone layer' in the earth's atmosphere. This is the result of holes in this 'ozone layer', which is facing the biggest threat like 'global warming' on earth today, this decision was taken on 19 December 2000.
What is ozone layer?
If understood in common language, the 'ozone layer' is a delicate gradient of gas which helps us in preserving our life on our planet by protecting the earth from the harmful effects of the sun's ultraviolet rays. If this gradient of 'ozone layer' gas is found in the gases in our atmosphere, then it will be difficult for humans to breathe.
And now in scientific language, the 'ozone layer' is a layer of ozone molecules found in the stratosphere mantle layer of the atmosphere between 20 to 40 km of our earth. When ultraviolet rays emanating from the sun break down the oxygen atoms and these oxygen atoms combine with the oxygen present in our atmosphere, then this bonding creates 'ozone molecules' and from this the 'ozone layer' is formed in the atmosphere.
'Ozone layer' ending disadvantages?
Nearly 99% of the ultraviolet rays emanating from the sun are absorbed by the 'ozone circle', leaving the plants and all the people living on Earth protected from high temperatures and radiation. That is why the 'ozone circle' or 'ozone layer' is also called the protective shield of the earth. Most scientists believe that without this 'ozone layer', life on earth can cease to exist. If this 'ozone layer' is not safe, it can have a very bad effect on the lives of all people, the life of plants and animals, even the life under water can end. The lack of the ozone layer causes the natural balance to deteriorate. There is more heat than winter, which in scientific language is also called 'global warming'. Apart from this, lack of 'ozone layer' is also becoming the biggest threat to health and nature.
Due to the 'ozone layer' ending?
In the area of modernity, there has been an increase in the rate of holes in the 'ozone layer' due to the continuous increase in the use of Chloro-Fluoro Carbons (CFC) gas in comfortable things like freeze, AC, cleaning of electronic components, etc. C.F.C. One particle of gas destroys one million ozone particles, slowing down the formation of an 'ozone layer' in the polar parts of the atmosphere. Due to this slow pace it is natural to have holes in the 'ozone layer', due to which in 2006, there was a 40% reduction in the ozone layer over Antarctica, which was named as 'ozone hole'.
Treaty in Montreal
To protect the ozone layer, 46 nations signed the Montreal Treaty which came into effect on 1 January 1989, although it has so far made 7 amendments. It is believed that if the international agreement is fully followed, by 2050, the 'ozone layer' can be fully expected to recover.
India's participation in the treaty
India was also involved in this treaty and so to protect the 'ozone layer', our country would give its every participation on global issues to control the destructive factors of this layer like CFC, Halons, CTC, Methyl Chloroform, Methyl Bromise and NCFC. Is seen. India has successfully controlled the production and use of CFCs, CDCs and halons except for the uses of medicinal requirements. Today, India is moving ahead of its goal because of these important steps taken to correct the 'ozone layer'.
Use of new technology
The government has implemented the 'Ozone Depleting Substances' Rules to curb the production, consumption and trade of existing ozone depleting substances. India has amended this manual from time to time to fulfill all the goals stated in the protocol. Apart from this, 16 September was also observed as 'International Ozone Day' at the Regional Office of Pollution Control Board in Uttar Pradesh, India last year, according to Dr. SN Shukla, Assistant Scientific Officer, who planted the first plantation in the premises of Hindustan Coca-Cola Mehandiganj. Many environmental programs were organized later.