Protests have been taking place all over the country since the passing of the Citizenship Amendment Bill from both the houses of India and then its law form. This law is being called anti-Muslim.
Along with this, protests are also taking place citing the apprehensions of the National Citizenship Register i.e. NRC. The voice of these protests began to intensify when the National Population Register, or NPR, got cabinet approval. It was said that NPR is the first step to be extended towards NRC.
Rallies are being held in many places across the country, violent demonstrations have also taken place in many places. If political parties are joining these protests, then civil society people are going out and opposing them.
Although the BJP is constantly repeating that it has not brought any new law, this bill was brought only by the Congress-led UPA government.
In an interview, Home Minister Amit Shah can be heard saying, "Who brought NRC? Those who are opposing it today. I want to ask the Congress President and other leaders who brought the NRC? "Amit Shah also asks the Congress," Did you make these laws to put on show-case? "
Chidambaram and Amit Shah Who–Which decisions are the same?
In fact, during the UPA's tenure, when P Chidambaram was the Home Minister of the country, the issues of NRC and NPR were also very strong, had there been so much noise on this issue at that time.
Senior journalist Pradeep Singh says that the issues related to the security of the country usually go ahead government-by-government. These include the issues of NRC and NPR. When these issues were raised during the Congress, there was not much opposition to this.
He says, "The matter of creating a population register of citizens was kept after the Kargil war, Atal Bihari Vajpayee's government at that time. After this, in 2004, when Manmohan Singh became Prime Minister, there was talk of register of citizens. Also, Section 14A was added to the Citizenship Amendment Act.
The Congress government continued to work on it even in its second term, and when P Chidambaram was the Home Minister, its pilot project was also run in some places. From 2009 to 2012, identity cards were also given under NPR at some places. In 2012, the then President Pratibha Patil was presented the first identity card by P Chidambaram.
In the current time, the NRC, which is being implemented across the country, is being talked by Home Minister Amit Shah. Actually, its beginning is also told at the time of the Congress.
Protest due to BJP's intention
Consent at the time of Congress and now on the question of opposition on the same issues Senior journalist Neerja Choudhary It is said that the protest is actually due to the intention of the BJP.
Says Neerja, "During the tenure of this government, many cases of mob lynching occurred, there were also reports of respecting the culprits of these crimes, then the triple talaq bill came. After that, the step of removing the special status of the Muslim-majority state of Jammu and Kashmir was taken. If all these works are combined in one link, then the amendment law and NRC and then bringing NRP raise questions on the intention of BJP, this is also the reason for the protest against them.
At the same time, Pradeep Singh says that there is already a perception in the minds of people against the Modi government, this protest is happening due to that. Opposition parties do not have any strong issues to oppose the government, so these issues are being raised.
They also say that NRC is not new, it was called National Register of Indian Citizens (NRIC) during Congress.
P Chidambaram, who was the Home Minister during the Congress era, defends his then decisions in this regard and says that the decision that Modi government is taking at this time is not like his tenure.
P Chidambaram has tweeted about this in which he writes, "The BJP-led government has a bigger and more dangerous agenda and that is why the NPR words approved by them as well as the context of the year 2010 It is very different and dangerous than NPR. ''
BJP also released the video of P. Chidambaram in which he is talking about NPR while being Home Minister. On this, P Chidambaram has clarified from his side that in that video he was talking about calculating the common residents. His emphasis was on residency and not on citizenship.
With time it happens Change'
Those who criticize the current government say that this government will grow towards NRC only through the data of NPR.
In support of this, he says that general information was asked in the NPR that was brought during the UPA government, whereas this time things like information about the birthplace of parents have been asked.
On this, Pradeep Singh says that this is not a big argument, because with time, governments also change the information to update the data. They say that when the census process started, there were no mobile phones, but later the mobile phones started being used, then the numbers of people also started being asked. Therefore, to say that now new questions have been added, it is baseless.
But on the other hand Neerja Chaudhary says that the present government has created a situation of confusion on its own. She says, "The Prime Minister says in the rally that there was no discussion on NRC, while the Home Minister says in the House that NRC is coming all over the country." The Home Minister also explains its chronology. After this, NRP is said to be separate from NRC whereas in government documents it is said to be a step of NRC. This is the reason why all these issues are being seen together. ''
Naxalite on Maoist campaign
Apart from NPR, NRC and Citizenship Amendment Act, there are many other issues on which the working style of P Chidambaram and Amit Shah seems to be matching. Such as action on Maoist and Naxalite areas and dealings with human rights activists.
If P Chidambaram's Home Minister is remembered, then Operation Green Hunt was conducted on a large scale in Naxalite areas at that time. The government said its aim was to stop the Naxalite attacks and connect them with the mainstream.
However, many such reports have come to the notice that during this operation, there were talk of targeting the common villagers as well. Renowned writer Arundhati Roy wrote an article for Outlook magazine in 2009 in which she raises many sharp questions on Operation Green Hunt.
In that article, she writes that how can those who were killed during Operation Green Hunt be identified that those killed were Maoists?
During this time, the discussion of the arrest of human rights activist Binayak Sen in Chhattisgarh was also discussed. However, when he was arrested, there was a BJP government in Chhattisgarh and the Chief Minister was Raman Singh. But there was only UPA government at the Center and P Chidambaram had the post of Home Minister.
Binayak Sen was accused of treason and was also sentenced to life imprisonment. During this time, questions were raised on the Chhattisgarh government as well as the central government on the civil society side, why they kept silence in the case of Binayak Sen.
In a similar way, allegations are also leveled against the BJP government that in the Bhima Koregaon case in Maharashtra, they have put many human rights activists in custody.
In August 2018, the Pune Police arrested Gautam Navlakha, Sudha Bhardwaj, Varvara Rao, Arun Ferreira and Vernon Gonzalvis. All these people are well-known social and human rights activists.
When these arrests were made, P Chidambaram had tweeted that he condemned these arrests.
In response to this tweet, leftist leader Kavita Krishnan tweeted, "Are you now as a home minister on the arrests and murders of Binayak Sen, Soni Suri and many tribals in Bastar and your government's inaction We also apologize. If yes, then you should also say this. Such views without accountability are not right. ''
'Demonstration is going on against BJP'
If Amit Shah is taking forward the same decisions that Chidambaram had taken as Home Minister, then why this time so much opposition?
Pradeep Singh says, "Actually all this is happening in opposition to BJP." The opposition wanted an issue on which they could hit the streets, they could not create the same atmosphere on the issues of triple talaq and Article 370, but this time they feel that they will oppose these laws and surround the government.
Pradeep Singh says that when your party has been in government, then you do not have much opportunities to protest, so the Congress has no right to protest on all these laws and decisions.
Neerja Chaudhary believes that all these issues had come up during P Chidambaram's Home Minister, at that time in the media world, Chidambaram was called 'News Editor of Manny Channels' because he used to intervene in many news stories.
But in the midst of all these things, Neerja Chaudhary says that if there was no protest on these issues at that time, it should not be an argument even now. She says, "BJP was the main opposition party at that time. The question is also on them why they did not protest. And not only political parties or Muslim communities are involved in the protests this time, these include students of colleges and the youth who have made Narendra Modi the Prime Minister in the years 2014 and 2019.
- Has the Congress surrounded itself by opposing NPR?
- What is NPR and how much is different from 2010
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