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Chess legend Bobby Fischer faces a materialistic Paul Keres within the dreaded London System – 1959 – jj

Chess legend Bobby Fischer faces a materialistic Paul Keres within the dreaded London System – 1959

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This is an Instructive game featuring the London system opening. It shows a way of playing against the London system. Keres adopted a somewhat Greedy pawn grab. The game was played in a Candidates tournament and features materialistic chess and how to play against materialistic play.

Fischer delayed using the d pawn and played instead an early c5 which led to a fixed center. Fischer later obtained a light square grip and used a Pawn sac. Keres won the ‘a’ pawn in the opening making it a kind of Gambit. You could call it a Fischer Gambit or Anti-London system gambit.

Keres later had a decentralised Queen and Fischer was able to punish the queen position with Pressure for the pawn. In particular pressure on d4 and concretely threatening Nxd2. Fischer was able to liberate the g7 bishop. With this bishop pressure and the White king in the center, there was also a loose bishop and Fischer was able to play an aggressive queen move pinning a knight and exploiting the king in center. Later there was opposite coloured bishops and the White king stopped from castling. Fischer then was opening a central file.

In analysing the game, engines came up with an exciting resource, in fact a completely amazing resource find. An amazing technical move. Instead Fischer played a move which potentially allowed near equality. There was a potentially loose rook. The game also shows how engine post-mortem and chess engine resources can help discover the more technical truths about a game. The key tactic of removing the defender was demonstrated. If you find any flaw in analysis, then consider this a Youtube chess challenge – an analytical challenge to test your chess engine to verify the interesting finding.

[Event “Bled-Zagreb-Belgrade Candidates”] [Site “Bled, Zagreb & Belgrade YUG”] [Date “1959.10.03”] [Round “15”] [White “Paul Keres”] [Black “Robert James Fischer”] [Result “0-1”] [ECO “A48”] [PlyCount “54”] [EventDate “1959.09.07”]

Who is Fischer?

Robert James Fischer (March 9, 1943 – January 17, 2008) was an American chess grandmaster and the eleventh World Chess Champion. Many consider him to be the greatest chess player of all time.[2][3]

Fischer showed great skill in chess from an early age; at 13, he won a brilliancy known as “The Game of the Century”. At age 14, he became the US Chess Champion, and at 15, he became both the youngest grandmaster (GM) up to that time and the youngest candidate for the World Championship. At age 20, Fischer won the 1963/64 US Championship with 11 wins in 11 games, the only perfect score in the history of the tournament. His book My 60 Memorable Games, published in 1969, is regarded as essential reading. He won the 1970 Interzonal Tournament by a record 3½-point margin, and won 20 consecutive games, including two unprecedented 6–0 sweeps, in the Candidates Matches. In July 1971, he became the first official FIDE number-one-rated player.

Fischer won the World Chess Championship in 1972, defeating Boris Spassky of the USSR, in a match held in Reykjavík, Iceland. Publicized as a Cold War confrontation between the US and USSR, it attracted more worldwide interest than any chess championship before or since. In 1975, Fischer refused to defend his title when an agreement could not be reached with FIDE, chess’s international governing body, over one of the conditions for the match. Under FIDE rules, this resulted in Soviet GM Anatoly Karpov, who had won the qualifying Candidates’ cycle, being named the new world champion by default.

After forfeiting his title as World Champion, Fischer became reclusive and sometimes erratic, disappearing from both competitive chess and the public eye. In 1992, he reemerged to win an unofficial rematch against Spassky. It was held in Yugoslavia, which was under a United Nations embargo at the time. …

Who is Paul Keres ?

Paul Keres ([ˈpɑu̯l ˈkeres]; January 7, 1916 – June 5, 1975) was an Estonian chess grandmaster and chess writer. He was among the world’s top players from the mid-1930s to the mid-1960s.

Keres narrowly missed a chance at a world championship match on five occasions. He won the 1938 AVRO tournament, which led to negotiations for a title match against champion Alexander Alekhine, but the match never took place due to World War II. After the war Keres was runner-up in the Candidates’ Tournament on four consecutive occasions.

Due to these and other strong results, many chess historians consider Keres one of the greatest players in history, and the strongest player never to become world champion. He was nicknamed “Paul the Second”, “The Eternal Second” and “The Crown Prince of Chess”.[1] Keres, Viktor Korchnoi and Alexander Beliavsky defeated nine world champions—more than anyone else in history.