Protest against citizenship amendment law
Demonstrations started in Northeast India against the Citizenship Amendment Act have taken the whole of India under its ambit and a large number of people have taken to the streets in most parts of the country.
During this time Jamia Millia Islamia of Delhi and Aligarh Muslim University of Aligarh remained the center of demonstrations. Assam student organizations also stood on the streets.
Apart from the western districts of Uttar Pradesh, large-scale demonstrations were also held in Lucknow, Kanpur and Firozabad and violence took place in many places. Stories of repression and harassment by Uttar Pradesh Police have also come to light.
Prime Minister Narendra Modi interviewed Home Minister Amit Shah from his rally at Delhi's Ramlila Maidan and tried to remove 'misconceptions' about Citizenship Amendment Act, Probable Citizenship Register and National Population Register.
Friday passed peacefully amid apprehensions. Demonstrations slowed down in Delhi and other parts of the country as well. Now the question is arising whether the protests against the Citizenship Amendment Act will stop and the government will move forward on this issue without backtracking?
Poet Imran Pratapgarhi, who has been associated with the Congress party and has been involved in many demonstrations, feels that now the citizenship amendment will be more systematic against the law.
In a conversation with the BBC, Imran says, "This Protest has not been called on behalf of any political party. It is spontaneous. There was a resentment in the public after which the public came on the road. Students, common people, Dalits, minorities all Landed on the road. Even after so many days, the government is not seen bowing down but the government is scared, there is no opinion in it. "
Imran says, "His fear is clearly seen in the speech given by the Prime Minister at Ramlila Maidan. He is aware that this public outrage is not political, the government is afraid when the anger is not political but automatically. But the government does not want to show That it is scared. The vote bank the government is trying to create, this political conspiracy or trying to create communal tension, if the government is afraid Minister will also scatter it. "
Imran says, "Even the public is not in the mood to go backfoot right now. I think this movement will go on even more. In Delhi's Shaheen Bagh, despite the harsh cold, women are standing. They will not back down."
After tough police action in Uttar Pradesh, Friday passed off peacefully. The administration had prepared to deal with the protests. Internet of 21 districts was closed. Heavy police forces were deployed in the stressed areas. But after the special prayers of Jumme, there were no demonstrations anywhere in the whole state. The Uttar Pradesh government presented it as its victory.
Performance in delhi
So, after the action taken by the administration, there is fear among the Muslims, on this question, Imran says, "It was clear only when Yogi Adityanath was made the Chief Minister of UP that whenever he gets a chance, Will take action against the minorities with a sense of revenge. But the shame is that the UP police officers are acting at the behest of Yogi. They are firing directly. Breaking into homes Od are. The state UP public was sponsored violence. Should make the pressure on their leaders, their members, their legislators. "
Imran says, "People of UP will now have to hold peaceful demonstrations like the women of Shaheen Bagh in Delhi. Women have to do it further."
At the same time, Nadeem Khan, a social activist associated with United Against Hate, also says that now preparations are being made to organize demonstrations against the Citizenship Amendment Act in a more systematic manner.
He told the BBC that a roadmap for the protests in the meeting of social workers in Mumbai has been prepared. Says Nadeem Khan, "Demonstrations have not weakened, media is showing less, lakhs of people gathered in Aurangabad, Maharashtra two days ago. There have been big rallies in Karnataka. Women of Shaheen Bagh are standing up. Protests are going on daily in Jamia. is."
Nadeem Khan says, "These are the people's own protests, people are not coming in by filling buses in the call of the leaders, the public is the leader of these demonstrations. And public opposition is outspoken. The reason for the violence from the government in UP Protests have definitely come down but these protests are continuing in the rest of the country and will continue. "
Performance in delhi
Regarding the meeting in Mumbai, Nadeem Khan said, "It has been decided in the meeting of social workers from all over the country in Mumbai that these protests will continue till the citizenship amendment law is completely withdrawn. In the next few days There will be a big Protest in Delhi itself.
It is also being said that most Muslims are involved in the demonstration against the Citizenship Amendment Act and the majority of the country has accepted this law. On this question, Nadeem Khan says, "Those who are saying this have not seen the pictures of the demonstration itself. The people involved in the demonstration are citizens of this country and are protesting under their constitutional authority."
There is no such indication from the government which suggests that the government is ready to back down on the citizenship amendment law. How long will people leave their work and continue on the streets? Says Nadeem Khan, "The Prime Minister's statement from Ramlila Maidan and the fear reflected on his face is the first victory of these demonstrations. The government is scared and we are ready for a long battle. We are now seeing demonstrations in big cities." , But soon there will be demonstrations in the villages as well. "
There is no face to these performances. In such a situation, there is no centralized guideline. Is this the strength or weakness of these performances? Both Nadeem Khan and Imran Pratapgarhi believe that these demonstrations have no face and this is their greatest strength. Nadeem says, "Faces will also emerge from this movement."
Demonstration in Guwahati, Assam
At the same time, Dipankar Nath, associated with the All Assam Students Union, who was protesting in Assam, told the BBC that until the government does not withdraw the citizenship amendment law, his organization will continue to perform throughout Assam.
According to Dipankar, his organization has set programs for peaceful demonstrations till January 17. After this, they can also change their strategy.
Denying the statements of Prime Minister Narendra Modi and Home Minister Amit Shah, he says that he does not trust the statements of the government and will fight to save the culture and language of Assam until the government completely withdraws this new law Would have taken
At the same time, a coordination committee has been formed to decide the strategy of demonstrations in Aligarh Muslim University. Mohammad Imran, a student associated with this, says that despite taking police action and filing cases against the students on behalf of the UP government, the students will not back down.
Imran told the BBC, "This is a question not only of us but of the future of Indian Muslims. This issue is more important than our studies or our own future. We are ready to lose everything in this battle. Now we are not back Will remove.
Imran said, "Aligarh students are working together with Jamia and other university students to form a common strategy. Soon the demonstrations will be seen in a more systematic manner."
Many of the Jamia students who have been participating in these demonstrations till now, say that they would prefer to go on the road instead of class. Jamia student Mohammad Akram told the BBC, "We will continue the movement until the law is withdrawn."
While students and human rights organizations are working on a strategy to give a new edge to the protests against the Citizenship Amendment Act, the government's strategy is yet to ignore them. Now the question is, how long will the government be able to ignore these protests? The first major challenge for the Government of India in the year 2020 will be to calm the resentment against the Citizenship Amendment Act.