Mumbai: It is said that the sea does not keep anything with itself, whatever you put in it will return it to you. For so many years, the garbage that we have been giving to the sea in the form of plastic, now only we and our future generations will have to pay for it. Humans are poisoning the sea and after returning the same poison is reaching humans again. This danger is not far away, but only in the sea up to 10 nautical miles of Indian shores. Not one, but two-two premiere institutes of the country have revealed this in research.
The sea has always been a source of food for human civilization. The sea food which consists of fish, prawns, etc., is the largest staple diet in the coastal areas of India along with rice. India has a total maritime boundary of 7500 km, which touches 9 states and 4 union territories of India. From this, it can be estimated that how important is the diet of sea creatures.
500 tons of fish are sold daily in Bhaucha Push. About 900 to 1200 tons of fish come daily to the four fish ports inside the city of Mumbai. Overall, two million tonnes of fish are consumed in Mumbai every year. From Mumbai, not only the fish go to the local market but also to different parts of the country and abroad. But do you know that these delicious fish are making the taste of life tasteless. Because with fish, one more thing is found in the sea of Mumbai and that 408 tons of daily waste and plastic. That is, even if we consider an average of one thousand tons, then 408 tons of garbage is put on it daily in plastic and other forms. The two premier research institutes of the country 'Central Institute of fisheries education' and IIT Bombay have separate research conducts and the findings that came up were shocking.
But now the two premier research institutes of the country 'Central Institute of fisheries education' and IIT Bombay have two different research conducts from each other and the findings which came out were surprising.
For this investigation of the 'Central Institute of fisheries education', samples were collected on about 300 different species, 200 of which are from crocus fish. This research has been done in the area of 10 nautical miles in the coastal area of Mumbai. The report says its findings.
Microplastic particles have been found in the fish found under the 10 nautical miles of the Mumbai sea border. The size of these microplastics is smaller than 100 microns. 0.8 microplastic particles have been found in every fish. This means that 80 micro-plastic particles are present in every 100 grams. Microplastic particles are very fine, which is not possible to see with the normal eyes. When these fishes become our diet, the same goes into the human body through microplastic fishes. Eating these fish can cause many and dangerous diseases including cancer.
IIT Mumbai also did research in this context. Research by Professor Ranjit Vishnuradhan of IIT Bombay's civil engineering department and TI Aldo, head of the department, whose topic was 'Can Plastics affect near surface layer ocean process and climate' has also been published by Marine Pollution Bulletin.
This report states that not only the marine aquatic life has been threatened due to the plastic accumulating in the sea. In the coming times, the environment will also have to bear its very dangerous consequences. Along with this, the opposite results are going to prove very bad for humans because of the changes in the food chain. After hard research and hard work, we have given our report, which the report says that if we continue to use plastic every year at the same level, by the year 2050, more plastic will be seen floating in the sea than fish.
Big and small pieces of plastic are rubbed together on the ocean surface, making their macro plastic pieces, small micro plastic pieces and the most microscopic nano plastic pieces.
You can see macro plastic with your eyes, but you will not be able to see the pieces of micro plastic and nano plastic. This plastic slowly dissolves in marine life and becomes part of the food chain. In such a situation, when people living near the sea areas who eat most of the food, these fine pieces of plastic slowly start accumulating in their body and in the future, they are serious like kidney failure, liver failure, severe intestinal problems. Disease becomes a cause.
1. Ocean Process: – Sun rays in the ocean floor cause plastic blockage, so when the sun rays cannot reach the lower surface of the ocean due to plastic then the marine life of the lower sea has a negative effect. . Due to this rising plastic pollution in the sea, the clouds of danger have started looming only on the existence of about 700 marine species.
2. Environmental Effect: – The report states that 50% of the total plastic production is made of single-use plastic, due to the methane and ethylene solar radiation, which produces greenhouse gases which are hazardous to the environment and marine biodiversity. The matter is not limited to academic research, sellers and buyers also agree to this.
Karsan Bhai Tandel, president of the Association of Fish Suppliers, believes that it affects the fish, mostly when the fish have a braiding season, because the fish stay on the shore at the same time if it arrives and then its effect increases.
Anand Panicker told, 'Those who are the purchasers of these fish and tell this thing that there is a close effect in the sea area of Mumbai. Many species have also become extinct due to this. However, it is also necessary to ban it. For this, the Finishing Association is definitely passing on its talk to the government.
But there is also a different opinion on this issue. However, the seriousness of the matter is natural in view of the damage caused by it. There is definitely acceptance of this seriousness from all sides, but Dr. Gajendra Bhanji, former member of the Geological Society of India does not consider it to have such a terrible effect on the fish, but also says that if the plastic in the liquid goes in the fish, it is undoubtedly dangerous. is.
Gajendra Bhanji, a former member of the Geological Society of India, said, 'In the sea near Mumbai alone, about 3500 trawlers work on 10,000 more fishermen. Apart from this, hundreds of traders are dependent on this business. If a calculation is made on this basis on the beaches of the whole country, then it can be guessed how serious the situation will be.
Input: Ankur tyagi