The hostility of Iran and America is not hidden from anyone. The news of tension between the two countries creates a stir in the whole world.
Now after the death of Iran's most powerful military commander, General Qasim Suleimani, in the US air strike, the hostility of the two countries has reached its peak once again.
After all, why does America not like Iran with bitter eyes? What is its historical background?
1953 – By coup Beginning of hostility
The first seed of Iran's enmity with America was in 1953 when the US intelligence agency CIA, along with Britain, overthrew Iran. The US handed over power to Iran's Shah Raza Pahlavi by removing the elected Prime Minister Mohammad Mosaddik from the throne.
The main reason for this was – oil. The Iranian Prime Minister, who believed in secular policies, wanted to nationalize Iran's oil industry. He also wanted to rein in the power of Irani Shah.
This was the first time that America had deposed a foreign leader in the era of peace. After this incident, the coup became a part of America's foreign policy in this way.
The Iranian coup of 1979 was the result of the way the US overthrew Iran in 1953.
1979: Iranian Revolution
In 1971, a grand party took place in Iran's beautiful and historic city of Persepolis.
The Shah of Iran called Tito, President of Yugoslavia, Prince Rainier and Princess Grace of Monaco, Vice President Cipro Agneu of the US and Statesman Nikolai Pogarni of the Soviet Union.
But after eight years, a new leader of Iran, who is living in exile abroad, called this party a party of devils and opened a front against Shah.
The name of that leader was Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini. Before the Islamic Revolution in Iran in 1979, Khomeini lived in exile in Turkey, Iraq and Paris.
Khomeini used to target him for the westernization of Iran under the leadership of Shah Pahlavi and the increasing dependence on America.
The winds of discontent against Iran under Khomeini's leadership took the form of revolution. Protests-demonstrations-strikes took place in the country for months.
Finally, on 16 January 1979, Iranian Shah Mohammad Raza Pahlavi was forced to leave the country.
Two weeks later, Ayatollah Khomeini returned from exile on 1 February 1979 as Iran's highest religious leader. A crowd of 5 million people gathered in Tehran to welcome him.
Then there was a referendum. And on 1 April 1979, Iran was declared an Islamic republic.
Khomeini: revolutionary Who became Conservative
Project Syndicate, an international non-governmental organization, has mentioned a comment by German philosopher Hanna Erant in a report about how a country which revolted and became a conservative nation.
Erant had said, "Most of the fiercest revolutionaries become orthodox after the revolution."
It is said that the same happened with Khomeini. After coming to power, there was a sudden change in Khomeini's generosity. He separated himself from the leftist movements.
They started suppressing opposing voices and a distance began to be created between the Islamic Republic and the democratic voice of Iran.
1979–81: Iranian Embassy hostage crisis
Immediately after the results of the revolution, diplomatic relations between Iran and America ended.
A group of Iranian students in Tehran had taken the US embassy under occupation and held 52 US citizens hostage for 444 days.
It is said that Khomeini also had silent support in this. His demand from US President Jimmy Carter was to send Shah back. Shah went to New York for cancer treatment.
The hostages were not released until Ronald Reagan became the President of the United States.
Eventually Pahlavi died in Egypt and Khomeini concentrated his power more.
1980-88: Iran-Iraq Eight years long battle between
In 1980, Saddam Hussein attacked Iran. There was a bloody war between Iran and Iraq for eight years.
America was with Saddam Hussein in this war. The Soviet Union also helped Saddam Hussein.
The war ended with an agreement. At least half a million Iranians and Iraqis were killed in the war.
It is said that Iraq used chemical weapons in Iran and its effect in Iran showed for a long time.
This was also the time when Iran started seeing the possibilities of the atomic bomb.
The work that Iran started on the nuclear program remained hidden until 2002.
The United States changed the equation in this area, so dramatic changes were seen.
The US not only stopped supporting Saddam Hussein but started preparing for an attack in Iraq.
It is said that this disastrous decision of the US ended with an important strategic advantage given to Iran.
However, Iran had joined the famous term 'Axis of Evil' by US President George W. Bush.
Preparation of nuclear program
Later, Europe started talking to Iran on the nuclear program. Havia Salona was then talking to Iran as the representative of the European Union.
He has said in a report by the Project Syndicate that Iran had a 2005 election and because of this there was no breakthrough in negotiations. When Hassan Rouhani was re-elected in 2013, the world community started talking again about the nuclear program.
The Obama administration reached the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action in 2015 amid decades of hostility. This was seen as a big political success.
Clash in a round of trumps
This time, elections were held in America and Trump took the unilateral decision and canceled the deal. The Trump administration imposed new sanctions on Iran.
Even Trump threatened the countries of the world that whoever does business with Iran will not be able to have business relations with America.
As a result of this, differences of opinion emerged in Iran in USA and Europe. The European Union tried to save the nuclear deal with Iran but did not accept Trump.
In the last four decades after the Iranian revolution, there have been many delicate turns of feud between Iran and America.
After the Iranian general's death in the US air strike, the enmity of the two countries has reached a new level once again.
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