rss

Indian Railways: Diesel engines will turn out to be historical past quickly after steam engines, know why? | after steam locomotives quickly diesel engines may also turn out to be historical past in passenger trains!

[ad_1]

India

oi-Shivom Gupta

|

Updated: Friday, February 7, 2020, 14:24 (IST)

Bengaluru The Indian Railways is once again on the verge of changing history and plans have been made to electrify the railway routes within the next five years. Officially announcing this, Railway Minister Piyush Goyal has said that Indian Railways will be converted into 100% power driven network in the next 4-5 years.

Rail

It is believed that once the Indian rail network is 100 percent electrified, India will become one of the world's largest electric powered rail network. Railway Minister Piyush Goyal said during the official announcement at the eighth World Energy Policy Conference that Indian Railways is moving fast towards the electrification of its entire network and complete preparations have been made.

rail

At present, about 55 percent of the Indian Railways network has been electrified and it is expected that electrification of the remaining 45 percent of the rail network may take four to five years. The government has also started preparations for this.

rail

During the discussion at the World Energy Policy Conference, the Railway Minister revealed that the government has initiated several initiatives to encourage investment in the energy sector in the country to achieve the target. It is under this that the government has proposed a lower income tax rate of 15 per cent to encourage new investors in the energy sector.

In order to convert 100% of the railway network and to meet the energy targets required for it, the railway has prepared a plan to invest in 20 GW of solar power generation by the year 2030. According to the Railway Minister, India is fully prepared for the change in energy use.

Rail

Piyush Goyal, India is ready to participate in global efforts to make the world a better place by using non-conventional energy sources. India is very cautious about its commitments to reduce energy emission levels in the world, so no new conventional fueled plants have been approved in the last six years.

It is noteworthy that in the year 1853, the first passenger rail was run in India. Steam engines were then used. On 16 April 1853, the first passenger train from Boribandar (Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminal) to Thane was run at a distance of about 35 km. The train was hauled by three steam locomotives Sultan, Sindhu and Sahib from Britain.

rail

It was invented in 1814 by George Stephenson, the inventor of the steam engine. The steam locomotive Fairy Queen is the oldest engine in the world still running on the Indian rail network, which was approved by the Railway Board in 2017 to run again between Delhi Cantt to Rewari. This engine was built in 1855.

rail

Diesel engines brought from Britain were used for the first time in India around 1920. After independence, engine manufacturing started for the first time in India around 1950. During this time the casting parts of the diesel engine such as body, block and head were made.

rail

Around 1955, the first "open forged" crankshaft diesel engine was manufactured in India and by 1962, the first diesel engine in India was successfully developed with pre-indigenous technology, but now the diesel engine also became history. Is on the verge

In August 2019, it was decided to put 300 diesel engines over 31 years old out of operation in the Railways with immediate effect. The real reason for the diesel engine to go out of the way is to reduce conventional energy sources and reduce pollution, as diesel not only consumed more fuel than electric engines, but they have more pollution.

rail

Currently, the railway has about 12 thousand engines. It has 6.5 thousand diesel engines and 5.5 thousand electric locomotives. Under the target of 100% electrification of all routes by 2022, it is proposed to gradually reduce the number of diesel locomotives to 3000, which will be used mainly for operating train services in emergency situations along the border areas.

Diesel engines are believed to have an average lifespan of 30 years, but can be run for 5-6 years after overhauling. Since the decision to remove the old engine will make all engines older than 31 years out of service. This will reduce diesel consumption as well as air pollution.

rail

Interestingly, after beating the whole world, Indian Railways created history by showing the first time to convert diesel engine into electric. Now the diesel engine with a capacity of 2600 to 2700 horsepower has been converted into an electric engine of 5 thousand to 10 thousand horsepower.

Diesel Locomotive Works has completed the work of converting the world's first diesel rail engine to an electric rail engine, which started work on 22 December 2017 and the new engine was released on 28 February 2018. The first engine, which was converted from a diesel engine to an electric engine in a span of just 69 days, is still present today at Safdarjung railway station in the capital Delhi.

rail

The diesel engine factory Varanasi had developed the diesel engine into a new prototype electric engine, keeping in mind the 100 per cent electrification and carbon-free agenda of the Indian Railways' mission. It costs about five to six crores rupees to run diesel engines for a period of more than 18 years.

But now only 50 percent of that cost can be used to convert diesel engine to electric. According to an estimate, it takes about 6 liters per kilometer to pull a 24-coach train via a diesel engine, while an average of about 4.50 liters of diesel is consumed per kilometer for pulling a 12-coach train.

rail

Adopting indigenous technology under the Make in India initiative, the diesel rail plant has started with a WAGC 3 class electric rail engine. This electric rail engine will be used in goods carriages. The WAGC 3 class engine is pollution free and effective in delivering better speed than diesel engines. This is part of its efforts to fully electrify its broad gauge network. With this the capacity of the locomotive has increased from 2600 horsepower to 5000 horsepower.

Rail

It is a matter of fact that the use of LED bulb in place of normal bulb has reduced more than 80 million tonnes of carbon oxide every year. This has become possible only when the government has been successful in reducing the use of wood and coal involved in traditional fuels and making LPG gases reach more people for cooking.

rail

Credit can also be given to the Ujjwala scheme of the Modi government in this campaign, under which 5 crore lower-class families have been provided LPG gas so far. On one hand, while the unnecessary exploitation of coal and wood has been reduced, on the other hand the pollution level has also been recorded.

Railway Budget 2020: Highly announced trains for railways, high speed trains will increase

100% electrification of all routes by the year 2022

100% electrification of all routes by the year 2022

Currently, the railway has about 12 thousand engines. It has 6.5 thousand diesel engines and 5.5 thousand electric locomotives. Under the target of 100% electrification of all routes by 2022, it is proposed to gradually reduce the number of diesel locomotives to 3000, which will be used mainly for operating train services in emergency situations along the border areas.

The average age of a diesel engine is usually 30 years

The average age of a diesel engine is usually 30 years

Diesel engines are believed to have an average lifespan of 30 years, but can be run for 5-6 years after overhauling. Since the decision to remove the old engine will make all engines older than 31 years out of service. This will reduce diesel consumption as well as air pollution.

300 diesel engines put out of operation in August 2019

300 diesel engines put out of operation in August 2019

In August 2019, it was decided to put 300 diesel engines over 31 years old out of operation in the Railways with immediate effect. The real reason for the diesel engine to go out of the way is to reduce conventional energy sources and reduce pollution, as diesel not only consumed more fuel than electric engines, but they have more pollution.

Electrification of Delhi-Jaipur route has almost been completed

Electrification of Delhi-Jaipur route has almost been completed

In February 2019, a Rewari electric locomotive passenger train was run from Delhi. Electrification from Delhi to Jaipur was completed by the end of 2019. Earlier, electric locomotives are running on the Delhi NCR Palwal, Sonipat, Faridabad etc. routes.

100% electrification of rail network by 2022

100% electrification of rail network by 2022

All routes in the railway are being electrified under the Green Railway campaign. Diesel consumption is being reduced gradually by using diesel engines. At present, about 55 percent of the network of Indian Railways has been electrified and it is expected that electrification of the remaining 45 percent of the rail network may take four to five years. According to Railway Minister Piyush Goyal, in the next 4-5 years, Indian Railways will be converted into a 100% power driven network.

Diesel engine consumes so much fuel in 1 KM

Diesel engine consumes so much fuel in 1 KM

The average per kilometer average in a diesel engine is determined according to the load of the car, for example, if the car is of 24 cans, then about 6 liters of diesel will yield an average of 1 kilometer. If there is a 12-passenger passenger car, then the average of diesel will be 1 kilometer in about 6 liters, because it has to stop at every station and diesel costs more due to taking brakes and accelerators. If there is a 12-compartment car and express, then about 4.50 liters gives an average of 1 kilometer.

Diesel engines were not stopped even after standing for many hours

Diesel engines were not stopped even after standing for many hours

Earlier, despite standing for 10 to 12 hours at the same station of the goods train, the engine was not stopped, due to which the railway department had to suffer a lot of damage. One reason for not having diesel engine was that on behalf of the department it was said that if there was any defect in the engine during shutdown and the engine did not start then the problem might arise but about 3 years ago the department made changes. Ordered that if a freight train stops at the same station for ten to twelve hours, then the engine will be stopped.

It costs 5-6 crores to convert diesel engine into electric

It costs 5-6 crores to convert diesel engine into electric

Keeping in mind the 100 per cent electrification and carbon-free agenda of Indian Railways, the diesel engine factory Varanasi developed the diesel engine into a new prototype electric engine. It costs about five to six crores rupees to run diesel engines for more than 18 years, but only 50 percent of this expenditure can be used to convert diesel engines to electric.

First diesel engine converted to electric engine in India

First diesel engine converted to electric engine in India

Diesel Locomotive Works of Indian Railways has completed the work of converting the world's first diesel rail engine to an electric rail engine, which started work on 22 December 2017 and the new engine was released on 28 February 2018. The Indian Railways created history by converting diesel engines with a capacity of 2600 to 2700 horse power from 5 to 10 thousand horse power. महज 69 दिन की अवधि में डीजल इंजन से इलेक्ट्रिक इंजन में बदला गया पहला इंजन राजधानी दिल्ली में सफदरजंग रेलवे स्टेशन पर आज भी मौजूद है।

रेलवे को एक डीजल इंजन के उत्पादन में 15 करोड़ का खर्च आता है

रेलवे को एक डीजल इंजन के उत्पादन में 15 करोड़ का खर्च आता है

भारतीय जीई डीज़ल लोकोमोटिव को उत्पादित करने में रेलवे को 14.656 करोड़ का खर्च आता है। डब्लूडीपी-4 रेलवे का सबसे लोकप्रिय लोकोमोटिव माना जाता है। इस इंजन को बनाने में रेलवे को 14 करोड़ की लागत आती है। भारतीय रेलवे का नेटवर्क 1.16 लाख किमी लंबा है। कोई 15 हजार रेलगाड़ियां इस नेटवर्क पर दौड़ती हैं। इस नेटवर्क पर 6 हजार से ज्यादा स्टेशन हैं। करीब 2 करोड़ लोग रोज रेल‍गाड़ियों के माध्यम से इधर से उधर आते-जाते हैं।

डब्ल्यूएपी -5 इलेक्ट्रिक इंजन की लागत करीब 35 करोड़ रुपए है

डब्ल्यूएपी -5 इलेक्ट्रिक इंजन की लागत करीब 35 करोड़ रुपए है

वर्तमान समय में यात्री खंड में प्रमुख इलेक्ट्रिक लोकोमोटिव डब्ल्यूएपी -4, डब्ल्यूएपी -5 और डब्ल्यूएपी -7 और फ्रेट सेगमेंट में डब्ल्यूएपी -9, डब्ल्यूएपी -9 एच हैं। जिनमें से डब्ल्यूएजी -7, डब्ल्यूएजी -5, डब्ल्यूएएम -4 जैसे अन्य लोकोमोटिव वापस ले जाने के कगार पर हैं क्योंकि इनमें से नवीनतम डब्ल्यूएजी -7 को 2015 में उत्पादन से बाहर कर दिया गया है। लेकिन फिर भी वे 3 साल तक सेवा में हैं। एक डब्ल्यूएपी -5 रेल इंजन की लागत करीब 35 करोड़ रुपए होती है। डब्ल्यूएजी-9 का आयात करने में भारतीय रेलवे को 35 करोड़ रूपए की लागत आती है। जबकि सीएलडब्ल्यू को भारत में उत्पादित करने में 13.5 करोड़ से लेकर 15 करोड़ रूपए तक की लागत आती है।

  • भारतीय रेलवे की बड़े पैमाने पर निजीकरण की तैयारी, 500 ट्रेनें और 750 स्टेशन होंगे निजी ऑपरेटर्स के हवाले
  • कहीं आपका टिकट भी तो नकली नहीं, IRCTC ने फेक टिकट पर जारी किया Alert
  • ट्रेन के रिजर्व टिकट को सिर्फ एक फोन पर करें कैंसल, जानिए क्या है प्रक्रिया
  • तिग्मांशु धूलिया की भतीजी से चलती ट्रेन में बदतमीजी, हेल्पलाइन से नहीं मिली मदद
  • "सर, बच्चा समझ कर माफ कर दीजिए, मैं अपनी गर्लफ्रेंड के साथ एंज्वॉय करना चाहता हूं"
  • अहमदाबाद से मुंबई 1 घंटा लेट पहुंची तेजस एक्सप्रेस, अब यात्रियों को 63000 रुपये देगा IRCTC
  • IRCTC ई-टिकट रैकेट का भंडाफोड़: हर महीने 15 करोड़ रू के टिकटों की करता था कालाबाजारी, पाकिस्तान से जुड़े तार
  • विरोध के बाद रेलवे ने मेन्यू में किया बदलाव, फिर से शामिल की गईं केरल की डिशेज
  • भारतीय रेल में मुश्किल होता सफर, 66 लाख वेटिंग टिकट रेलवे नहीं कर सका कंफर्म
  • देश के इस राज्य में अब हिंदी-अंग्रेजी के बाद उर्दू नहीं, संस्कृत में लिखा जाएगा रेलवे स्टेशनों का नाम
  • MNS की धमकी के बाद TEJAS ट्रेन की होस्टेस के सर पर दिखी गांधी टोपी
  • भारत की दूसरी तेजस एक्सप्रेस शुरू, CM रूपाणी ने हरी झंडी दिखाई, मिलेगा 25 लाख का बीमा

[ad_2]
Source link

Related Articles

Leave a Reply

Back to top button
Close